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[ih-pis-tuh-mol-uh-jee] /ɪˌpɪs təˈmɒl ə dʒi/

a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
the theory of knowledge, esp the critical study of its validity, methods, and scope

“theory of knowledge,” 1856, coined by Scottish philosopher James F. Ferrier (1808-1864) from Greek episteme “knowledge,” from Ionic Greek epistasthai “know how to do, understand,” literally “overstand,” from epi “over, near” (see epi-) + histasthai “to stand,” (see histo-).

The scientific (as opposed to philosophical) study of the roots and paths of knowledge is epistemics (1969). Related: Epistemological; epistemologically.
epistemology [(i-pis-tuh-mol-uh-jee)]

The branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and origin of knowledge. Epistemology asks the question “How do we know what we know?”


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