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[eth-noh-sen-triz-uh m] /ˌɛθ noʊˈsɛn trɪz əm/

Sociology. the belief in the inherent superiority of one’s own ethnic group or culture.
a tendency to view alien groups or cultures from the perspective of one’s own.
belief in the intrinsic superiority of the nation, culture, or group to which one belongs, often accompanied by feelings of dislike for other groups

ethnocentrism eth·no·cen·trism (ěth’nō-sěn’trĭz’əm)
The tendency to evaluate other groups according to the values and standards of one’s own ethnic group, especially with the conviction that one’s own ethnic group is superior to the other groups.
eth’no·cen’tric (-trĭk) adj.
eth’no·cen·tric’i·ty (-sěn-trĭs’ĭ-tē) n.
ethnocentrism [(eth-noh-sen-triz-uhm)]

The belief that one’s own culture is superior to all others and is the standard by which all other cultures should be measured.

Note: Early social scientists in the nineteenth century operated from an ethnocentric point of view. So-called primitive tribes, for example, were studied by anthropologists to illustrate how human civilization had progressed from “savage” customs toward the accomplishments of Western industrial society.


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    /ɛθˈnɒdʒɪnɪ/ noun 1. the branch of ethnology that deals with the origin of races or peoples

  • Ethnogeography

    [eth-noh-jee-og-ruh-fee] /ˌɛθ noʊ dʒiˈɒg rə fi/ noun 1. a branch of anthropology dealing with the geographical distribution of ethnic groups or peoples and the relationship between these groups and their environment.

  • Ethnographer

    [eth-nog-ruh-fee] /ɛθˈnɒg rə fi/ noun 1. a branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures. /ɛθˈnɒɡrəfɪ/ noun 1. the branch of anthropology that deals with the scientific description of individual human societies n. 1834, perhaps from German Ethnographie; see ethno- + -graphy “the study of.” Related: Ethnographer; ethnographic. ethnography (ěth-nŏg’rə-fē) The branch […]

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