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[eks-kuh-veyt] /ˈɛks kəˌveɪt/

verb (used with object), excavated, excavating.
to make hollow by removing the inner part; make a hole or cavity in; form into a hollow, as by digging:
The ground was excavated for a foundation.
to make (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by removing material.
to dig or scoop out (earth, sand, etc.).
to expose or lay bare by or as if by digging; unearth:
to excavate an ancient city.
to remove (soil, earth, etc) by digging; dig out
to make (a hole, cavity, or tunnel) in (solid matter) by hollowing or removing the centre or inner part: to excavate a tooth
to unearth (buried objects) methodically in an attempt to discover information about the past

1590s, from Latin excavatus, past participle of excavare “to hollow out,” from ex- “out” (see ex-) + cavare “to hollow, hollow out,” from cavus “cave” (see cave (n.)). Related: Excavated; excavating.


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  • Excavation

    [eks-kuh-vey-shuh n] /ˌɛks kəˈveɪ ʃən/ noun 1. a hole or cavity made by . 2. the act of . 3. an area in which has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site. n. 1610s, “action of excavating,” from Latin excavationem (nominative excavatio) “a hollowing out,” noun of action from past participle stem […]

  • Excavation of optic disk

    excavation of optic disk n. The normally occurring depression or pit in the center of the optic disk. Also called physiologic excavation.

  • Excavator

    [eks-kuh-vey-ter] /ˈɛks kəˌveɪ tər/ noun 1. a person or thing that . 2. a power-driven machine for digging, moving, or transporting loose gravel, sand, or soil. 3. a sharp, spoonlike instrument used for scraping out diseased tissue, as in dentistry. /ˈɛkskəˌveɪtə/ noun 1. a powered machine for digging earth, gravel, sand, etc, esp a caterpillar […]

  • Exceed

    [ik-seed] /ɪkˈsid/ verb (used with object) 1. to go beyond in quantity, degree, rate, etc.: to exceed the speed limit. 2. to go beyond the bounds or limits of: to exceed one’s understanding. 3. to surpass; be superior to; excel: Her performance exceeded all the others. verb (used without object) 4. to be greater, as […]

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