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[ek-spee-ey-shuh n] /ˌɛk spiˈeɪ ʃən/

the act of .
the means by which atonement or reparation is made.
the act, process, or a means of expiating; atonement

early 15c., via Middle French expiation or directly from Latin expiationem (nominative expiatio) “satisfaction, atonement,” noun of action from past participle stem of expiare “make amends,” from ex- “completely” (see ex-) + piare “propitiate, appease,” from pius “faithful, loyal, devout” (see pious).

The sacrifice of expiation is that which tendeth to appease the wrath of God. [Thomas Norton, translation of Calvin’s “Institutes of Christian Religion,” 1561]

Guilt is said to be expiated when it is visited with punishment falling on a substitute. Expiation is made for our sins when they are punished not in ourselves but in another who consents to stand in our room. It is that by which reconciliation is effected. Sin is thus said to be “covered” by vicarious satisfaction. The cover or lid of the ark is termed in the LXX. hilasterion, that which covered or shut out the claims and demands of the law against the sins of God’s people, whereby he became “propitious” to them. The idea of vicarious expiation runs through the whole Old Testament system of sacrifices. (See PROPITIATION.)


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  • Expiator

    [ek-spee-eyt] /ˈɛk spiˌeɪt/ verb (used with object), expiated, expiating. 1. to atone for; make amends or reparation for: to expiate one’s crimes. /ˈɛkspɪˌeɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) to atone for or redress (sin or wrongdoing); make amends for v. c.1600 (OED entry has a typographical error in the earliest date), from Latin expiatus, past participle of […]

  • Expiatory

    [ek-spee-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈɛk spi əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ adjective 1. able to make atonement or expiation; offered by way of expiation: expiatory sacrifices. /ˈɛkspɪətərɪ; -trɪ/ adjective 1. capable of making expiation 2. given or offered in expiation adj. 1540s, from Latin expiatorius, from expiatus, past participle of expiare (see expiation).

  • Expiration

    [ek-spuh-rey-shuh n] /ˌɛk spəˈreɪ ʃən/ noun 1. a coming to an end; termination; close: the expiration of a contract. 2. the act of , or breathing out; emission of air from the lungs. 3. Archaic. . /ˌɛkspɪˈreɪʃən/ noun 1. the finish of something; ending; expiry 2. the act, process, or sound of breathing out 3. […]

  • Expiration-date

    noun 1. the last date that a product, as food, should be used before it is considered spoiled or ineffective, usually specified on the label or package.

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