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[fuh-keer, fey-ker] /fəˈkɪər, ˈfeɪ kər/

a Muslim or Hindu religious ascetic or mendicant monk commonly considered a wonder-worker.
a member of any Islamic religious order; dervish.
/fəˈkɪə; ˈfeɪkə/
a Muslim ascetic who rejects wordly possessions
a Hindu ascetic mendicant or holy man

c.1600, from Arabic faqir “a poor man,” from faqura “he was poor.” Term for Muslim holy man who lived by begging, misapplied in 19c. English (possibly under influence of faker) to Hindu ascetics. Arabic plural form fuqara may have led to variant early English forms such as fuckiere (1630s).


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