verb (used without object), fell, fallen, falling.
to drop or descend under the force of gravity, as to a lower place through loss or lack of support.
to come or drop down suddenly to a lower position, especially to leave a standing or erect position suddenly, whether voluntarily or not:
to fall on one’s knees.
to become less or lower; become of a lower level, degree, amount, quality, value, number, etc.; decline:
The temperature fell ten degrees. Stock prices fell to a new low for the year.
to subside or abate.
extend downward; hang down:
Her hair falls to her shoulders.
to become lowered or directed downward, as the eyes:
My eyes fell before his steady gaze.
to become lower in pitch or volume:
Her voice fell, and she looked about in confusion.
to succumb to temptation or sin, especially to become unchaste or to lose one’s innocence.
to lose status, dignity, position, character, etc.
to succumb to attack:
The city fell to the enemy.
to be overthrown, as a government.
to drop down wounded or dead, especially to be slain:
to fall in battle.
to pass into some physical, mental, or emotional condition:
to fall asleep; to fall in love.
to envelop or come as if by dropping, as stillness or night.
to issue forth:
Witty remarks fall easily from his lips.
to come by lot or chance:
The chore fell to him.
to come by chance into a particular position:
to fall among thieves.
to come to pass, occur, or become at a certain time:
Christmas falls on a Monday this year. The rent falls due the first of every month.
to have its proper place:
The accent falls on the last syllable.
to come by right:
The inheritance fell to the only living relative.
to be naturally divisible (usually followed by into):
The story fell into two distinct parts.
to lose animation; appear disappointed, as the face:
His face fell when he heard the bad news.
to slope or extend in a downward direction:
The field falls gently to the river.
to be directed, as light, sight, etc., on something:
His eyes fell upon the note on the desk.
to collapse, as through weakness, damage, poor construction, or the like; topple or sink:
The old tower fell under its own weight. The cake fell when he slammed the oven door.
(of an animal, especially a lamb) to be born:
Two lambs fell yesterday.
verb (used with object), fell, fallen, falling.
to fell (a tree, animal, etc.).
an act or instance of falling or dropping from a higher to a lower place or position.
that which falls or drops:
a heavy fall of rain.
the season of the year that comes after summer and before winter; autumn.
a becoming less; a lowering or decline; a sinking to a lower level:
the fall of the Roman Empire.
the distance through which anything falls:
It is a long fall to the ground from this height.
Usually, falls. a cataract or waterfall.
downward slope or declivity:
the gentle rise and fall of the meadow.
a falling from an erect position, as to the ground:
to have a bad fall.
a hanging down:
a fall of long hair.
a succumbing to temptation; lapse into sin.
the Fall, (sometimes lowercase) Theology. the lapse of human beings into a state of natural or innate sinfulness through the sin of Adam and Eve.
Slang. an arrest by the police.
surrender or capture, as of a city.
the fall of an accent on a syllable.
a hairpiece consisting of long hair that is attached to one’s own hair at the crown and usually allowed to hang freely down the back of the head so as to cover or blend with the natural hair.
an opaque veil hanging loose from the back of a hat.
a decorative cascade of lace, ruffles, or the like.
Machinery, Nautical. the part of the rope of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting.
Hunting. a deadfall.
the long soft hair that hangs over the forehead and eyes of certain terriers.
Armor. a pivoted peak projecting over the face opening of a burgonet.
Astrology. the sign of the zodiac in which the most negative influence of a planet is expressed (opposed to (def 5.)).
Mining. rock or ore that has collapsed from a roof, hanging wall, or the sides of a passage.
fall back, to give way; recede; retreat:
The relentless shelling forced the enemy to fall back.
fall back on/upon,
fall down, Informal. to perform disappointingly; to disappoint; fail:
He was doing well on the exam until he fell down on the last essay question.
fall for, Slang.
fall through, to come to nothing; fail of realization:
Despite all his efforts, the deal fell through.
fall all over oneself, to show unusual or excessive enthusiasm or eagerness, especially in the hope of being favored or rewarded:
The young trainees fell all over themselves to praise the boss’s speech.
Also, fall over oneself.
fall / come short. (def 44).
fall foul / afoul of. (def 38).
fall off the roof, Slang: Older Use. to menstruate.
fall / land on one’s feet. (def 3).
fall out of bed, to get out of bed quickly.
fall over backward(s),
verb (mainly intransitive) falls, falling, fell (fɛl), fallen (ˈfɔːlən)
to descend by the force of gravity from a higher to a lower place
to drop suddenly from an erect position
to collapse to the ground, esp in pieces
to become less or lower in number, quality, etc: prices fell in the summer
to become lower in pitch
to extend downwards: her hair fell to her waist
to be badly wounded or killed
to slope in a downward direction
(Christianity) to yield to temptation or sin
to diminish in status, estimation, etc
to yield to attack: the city fell under the assault
to lose power: the government fell after the riots
to pass into or take on a specified condition: to fall asleep, fall in love
to adopt a despondent expression: her face fell
to be averted: her gaze fell
to come by chance or presumption: suspicion fell on the butler
to occur; take place: night fell, Easter falls early this year
(of payments) to be due
to be directed to a specific point
foll by back, behind, etc. to move in a specified direction
to occur at a specified place: the accent falls on the last syllable
(foll by to) to return (to); be inherited (by): the estate falls to the eldest son
often foll by into, under, etc. to be classified or included: the subject falls into two main areas
to issue forth: a curse fell from her lips
(of animals, esp lambs) to be born
(Brit, dialect) to become pregnant
(transitive) (Austral & NZ, dialect) to fell (trees)
(cricket) (of a batsman’s wicket) to be taken by the bowling side: the sixth wicket fell for 96
(archaic) to begin to do: fall a-doing, fall to doing
fall flat, to fail to achieve a desired effect
fall foul of
an act or instance of falling
something that falls: a fall of snow
(mainly US) autumn
the distance that something falls: a hundred-foot fall
a sudden drop from an upright position
a downward slope or decline
a decrease in value, number, etc
a decline in status or importance
a moral lapse or failing
a capture or overthrow: the fall of the city
a long false hairpiece; switch
a piece of loosely hanging material, such as a veil on a hat
(machinery, nautical) the end of a tackle to which power is applied to hoist it
(nautical) one of the lines of a davit for holding, lowering, or raising a boat
(wrestling) Also called pinfall. a scoring move, pinning both shoulders of one’s opponent to the floor for a specified period
(slang, mainly US) take the fall, to be blamed, punished, or imprisoned
(theol) the Fall, Adam’s sin of disobedience and the state of innate sinfulness ensuing from this for himself and all mankind See also original sin
present participle adjective from fall (v.). Falling star is from 1560s; falling out “disagreement” is from 1560s. Falling evil “epilepsy” is from early 13c.
Old English feallan (class VII strong verb; past tense feoll, past participle feallen) “to fall; fail, decay, die,” from Proto-Germanic *fallanan (cf. Old Frisian falla, Old Saxon fallan, Dutch vallen, Old Norse falla, Old High German fallan, German fallen), from PIE root *pol- “to fall” (cf. Armenian p’ul “downfall,” Lithuanian puola “to fall,” Old Prussian aupallai “finds,” literally “falls upon”).
Most of the figurative senses had developed in Middle English. Meaning “to be reduced” (as temperature) is from 1650s. To fall in love is attested from 1520s; to fall asleep is late 14c. Fall through “come to naught” is from 1781. To fall for something is from 1903.
c.1200, “a falling;” see fall (n.). Old English noun form, fealle, meant “snare, trap.” Sense of “autumn” (now only in U.S.) is 1660s, short for fall of the leaf (1540s). That of “cascade, waterfall” is from 1570s. Wrestling sense is from 1550s. Of a city under siege, etc., 1580s. Fall guy is from 1906.
: This your first fall, ain’t it?/ Another fall meant a life sentence (1893+)
pratfall, the roof falls in, take a fall, take the rap
noun 1. the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
noun 1. a large, flat collar, usually trimmed with lace, worn by men in the 17th century. noun 1. a man’s large flat collar, often lace-trimmed, worn during the 17th century
noun, Phonetics. 1. a diphthong in which the first of the two apparent vocalic elements is of greater stress or sonority and the second is of lesser stress or sonority, as in (ī), (ou), (oi), etc.
noun 1. (def 1).