See under (def 6).
a defect or imperfection; flaw; failing:
a fault in the brakes; a fault in one’s character.
responsibility for failure or a wrongful act:
It is my fault that we have not finished.
an error or mistake:
a fault in addition.
a misdeed or transgression:
to confess one’s faults.
Geology, Mining. a break in the continuity of a body of rock or of a vein, with dislocation along the plane of the fracture (fault plane)
Manège. (of a horse jumping in a show) any of a number of improper executions in negotiating a jump, as a tick, knockdown, refusal, or run-out.
Electricity. a partial or total local failure in the insulation or continuity of a conductor or in the functioning of an electric system.
Hunting. a break in the line of scent; a losing of the scent; check.
Obsolete. lack; want.
verb (used without object)
to commit a fault; blunder; err.
Geology. to undergo faulting.
verb (used with object)
Geology. to cause a fault in.
to find fault with, blame, or censure.
find fault, to seek and make known defects or flaws; complain; criticize:
He constantly found fault with my behavior.
to a fault, to an extreme degree; excessively:
She was generous to a fault.
an imperfection; failing or defect; flaw
a mistake or error
an offence; misdeed
responsibility for a mistake or misdeed; culpability
(electronics) a defect in a circuit, component, or line, such as a short circuit
(geology) a fracture in the earth’s crust resulting in the relative displacement and loss of continuity of the rocks on either side of it
(tennis, squash, badminton) an invalid serve, such as one that lands outside a prescribed area
(in showjumping) a penalty mark given for failing to clear or refusing a fence, exceeding a time limit, etc
(hunting) an instance of the hounds losing the scent
deficiency; lack; want
find fault, to seek out minor imperfections or errors (in); carp (at)
to a fault, excessively
(geology) to undergo or cause to undergo a fault
(transitive) to find a fault in, criticize, or blame
(intransitive) to commit a fault
late 13c., faute, “deficiency,” from Old French faute (12c.) “opening, gap; failure, flaw, blemish; lack, deficiency,” from Vulgar Latin *fallita “a shortcoming, falling,” noun use of fem. past participle, from Latin falsus “deceptive, feigned, spurious,” past participle of fallere “deceive, disappoint” (see fail).
The -l- was restored 16c., probably in imitation of Latin, but was not pronounced till 18c. Sense of “physical defect” is from early 14c.; that of “moral culpability” is first recorded late 14c. Geological sense is from 1796. The use in tennis (c.1600) is closer to the etymological sense.
late 14c., Scottish, “be deficient;” see fault (n.). Meaning “find fault with” is from mid-15c. Related: Faulted; faulter; faulting.
A fracture in a rock formation along which there has been movement of the blocks of rock on either side of the plane of fracture. Faults are caused by plate-tectonic forces. See more at normal fault, reverse fault, strike-slip fault, thrust fault, transform fault. See Note at earthquake.
Our Living Language : Bedrock, the solid rock just below the soil, is often cracked along surfaces known as planes. Cracks can extend up to hundreds of kilometers in length. When tensional and compressional stresses cause rocks separated by a crack to move past each other, the crack is known as a fault. Faults can be horizontal, vertical, or oblique. The movement can occur in the sudden jerks known as earthquakes. Normal faults, or tensional faults, occur when the rocks above the fault plane move down relative to the rocks below it, pulling the rocks apart. Where there is compression and folding, such as in mountainous regions, the rocks above the plane move upward relative to the rocks below the plane; these are called reverse faults. Strike-slip faults occur when shearing stress causes rocks on either side of the crack to slide parallel to the fault plane between them. Transform faults are strike-slip faults in which the crack is part of a boundary between two tectonic plates. A well-known example is the San Andreas Fault in California. Geologists use sightings of displaced outcroppings to infer the presence of faults, and they study faults to learn the history of the forces that have acted on rocks.
In geology, a place where sections of the crust of the Earth move relative to each other. (See earthquake and San Andreas fault.)
Note: Faults tend to occur near the edges of tectonic plates.
noun, Geology. 1. (def 1).
- Fault tree
noun 1. a diagram providing a model of the interactions between the components of a system when a failure occurs
- Fault tree analysis
programming A form of safety analysis that assesses hardware safety to provide failure statistics and sensitivity analyses that indicate the possible effect of critical failures. (1996-05-15)
[fawl-tee] /ˈfɔl ti/ adjective, faultier, faultiest. 1. having or defects; imperfect. /ˈfɔːltɪ/ adjective faultier, faultiest 1. defective or imperfect 2. (archaic) culpable adj. late 14c., from fault (n.) + -y (2). Related: Faultiness.