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Gaius julius caesar

[see-zer] /ˈsi zər/

[gey-uh s] /ˈgeɪ əs/ (Show IPA), (or Caius)
[key-uh s] /ˈkeɪ əs/ (Show IPA), Julius, c100–44 b.c, Roman general, statesman, and historian.
Sidney (“Sid”) 1922–2014, U.S. comedian.
a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive.
any emperor.
a tyrant or dictator.
any temporal ruler, in contrast with God; the civil authority. Matt. 22:21.
a male given name: from a Roman family name.
Gaius Julius (ˈɡaɪəs ˈdʒuːlɪəs). 100–44 bc, Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58–50), invaded Britain (55–54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49–44) he destroyed the power of the corrupt Roman nobility. He also introduced the Julian calendar and planned further reforms, but fear of his sovereign power led to his assassination (44) by conspirators led by Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus
any Roman emperor
(sometimes not capital) any emperor, autocrat, dictator, or other powerful ruler
a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
(in the Roman Empire)

short for Caesar salad

c.1200, see caesarian; Old English had casere, which would have yielded modern *coser, but it was replaced in Middle English by keiser, from Norse or Low German, and later in Middle English by the French or Latin form of the name. Cæsar was used as a title of emperors down to Hadrian (138 C.E.), and also is the root of German Kaiser and Russian tsar (see czar). He competes as progenitor of words for “king” with Charlemagne (Latin Carolus), as in Lithuanian karalius, Polish krol. In U.S. slang c.1900, a sheriff was Great Seizer.

The family name of Julius Caesar and of the next eleven rulers of Rome, who were emperors.

Note: The emperors of Germany and Russia in modern times adapted the word caesar into titles for themselves — kaiser and czar.

the title assumed by the Roman emperors after Julius Caesar. In the New Testament this title is given to various emperors as sovereigns of Judaea without their accompanying distinctive proper names (John 19:15; Acts 17:7). The Jews paid tribute to Caesar (Matt. 22:17), and all Roman citizens had the right of appeal to him (Acts 25:11). The Caesars referred to in the New Testament are Augustus (Luke 2:1), Tiberius (3:1; 20:22), Claudius (Acts 11:28), and Nero (Acts 25:8; Phil. 4:22).


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