[jur-muh-nee] /ˈdʒɜr mə ni/
a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into and ; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 137,852 sq. mi. (357,039 sq. km).
a country in central Europe: in the Middle Ages the centre of the Holy Roman Empire; dissolved into numerous principalities; united under the leadership of Prussia in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War; became a republic with reduced size in 1919 after being defeated in World War I; under the dictatorship of Hitler from 1933 to 1945; defeated in World War II and divided by the Allied Powers into four zones, which became established as East and West Germany in the late 1940s; reunified in 1990: a member of the European Union. It is flat and low-lying in the north with plateaus and uplands (including the Black Forest and the Bavarian Alps) in the centre and south. Official language: German. Religion: Christianity, Protestant majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Berlin. Pop: 81 147 265 (2013 est). Area: 357 041 sq km (137 825 sq miles) German name Deutschland Official name Federal Republic of Germany See also East Germany, West Germany related adjective Teutonic
c.1300, from Latin Germania, a Roman designation (see German (n.)). In Middle English the place also was called Almaine (early 14c.).
Republic in north-central Europe, divided into East Germany and West Germany in 1949 and reunited in 1990. Officially called the Federal Republic of Germany.
Note: Germany was a collection of competing states until it was unified during the second half of the nineteenth century under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck.
Note: Germany’s industrial, colonial, and naval expansion was considered a threat by the British and French and was one of the main causes of World War I, in which Germany was badly defeated.
Note: After the defeat of the Nazis in World War II, Germany was divided into four zones occupied by British, French, Soviet, and American forces.
Note: Since reunification Germany has become Europe’s leading economic power. (See East Germany and West Germany under “World History since 1550.”)
noun, Biology. 1. the sexual reproductive cell at any stage from the primordial cell to the mature gamete. noun 1. a sexual reproductive cell; gamete Compare somatic cell germ cell n. An ovum or a sperm cell or one of their developmental precursors. Also called sex cell. germ cell
[jur-muh n] /ˈdʒɜr mən/ noun, plural germens, germina [jur-muh-nuh] /ˈdʒɜr mə nə/ (Show IPA). Archaic. 1. a . /ˈdʒɜːmən/ noun (pl) -mens, -mina (-mɪnə) 1. (biology, rare) the mass of undifferentiated cells that gives rise to the germ cells
[jurm-free, -free] /ˈdʒɜrmˈfri, -ˌfri/ adjective 1. of ; sterile: This kind of research should be done in a germfree laboratory. 2. (of experimental animals) born and raised under sterile conditions.
[jur-muh-sahyd] /ˈdʒɜr məˌsaɪd/ noun 1. an agent for killing or microorganisms. /ˈdʒɜːmɪˌsaɪd/ noun 1. any substance that kills germs or other microorganisms n. 1880, from germ + -cide. germicide ger·mi·cide (jûr’mĭ-sīd’) n. An agent that kills germs, especially pathogenic microorganisms; a disinfectant. ger’mi·cid’al (-sīd’l) adj.