(defs 2, 3).
adjective, rounder, roundest.
having a flat, circular surface, as a disk.
ring-shaped, as a hoop.
curved like part of a circle, as an outline.
having a circular cross section, as a cylinder; cylindrical.
spherical or globular, as a ball.
shaped more or less like a part of a sphere; hemispherical.
free from angularity; consisting of full, curved lines or shapes, as handwriting or parts of the body.
executed with or involving circular motion.
full, complete, or entire:
a round dozen.
noting, formed, or expressed by an integer or whole number with no fraction.
expressed, given, or exact to the nearest multiple or power of ten; in tens, hundreds, thousands, or the like:
in round numbers.
roughly correct; approximate:
a round guess.
considerable in amount; ample:
a round sum of money.
brought to completeness or perfection.
full and sonorous, as sound.
vigorous or brisk:
a round trot.
straightforward, plain, or candid; outspoken:
a round scolding.
positive or unqualified:
a round assertion.
any round shape, as a circle, ring or sphere.
a circular, ring-shaped, curved, or spherical object; a rounded form.
something circular in cross section, as a rung of a ladder or chair.
Sometimes, rounds. a completed course of time, series of events or operations, etc., ending at a point corresponding to that at the beginning:
We waited through the round of many years.
any complete course, series, or succession:
The strike was settled after a long round of talks; a round of parties.
Often, rounds. a going around from place to place, as in a habitual or definite circuit:
a doctor’s rounds.
a completed course or spell of activity, commonly one of a series, in some play or sport:
the second round of a tournament.
a recurring period of time, succession of events, duties, etc.:
the daily round.
an entire range:
the round of human capabilities.
a single outburst, as of applause or cheers.
a single discharge of shot by each of a number of guns, rifles, etc.
a single discharge by one firearm.
a charge of ammunition for a single shot.
a single serving, especially of drink, made more or less simultaneously to everyone present, as at table or at a bar:
The next round is on me.
movement in a circle or around an axis.
a slice, as of bread.
Archery. a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance from the target in accordance with the rules.
one of a series of three-minute periods making up a boxing match:
a 15-round bout.
Golf. a playing of the complete course.
Cards. a division of play in a game, consisting of a turn each for every player to bid, bet, play a card, deal the cards, or be dealt cards.
throughout or from the beginning to the end of a recurring period of time:
all year round.
Also, ’round. around:
The music goes round and round.
throughout (a period of time):
a resort visited all round the year.
It happened round noon.
verb (used with object)
to make round.
to free from angularity; fill out symmetrically; make plump.
to bring to completeness or perfection; finish.
Jewelry. to form (a gem) roughly (sometimes followed by up); girdle.
to end (a sentence, paragraph, etc.) with something specified:
He rounded his speech with a particularly apt quotation.
to encircle or surround.
to make a complete circuit of; pass completely around.
to make a turn or partial circuit around or to the other side of:
to round a corner.
to cause to move in a circle; turn around.
Mathematics. to replace by the nearest multiple of 10, with 5 being increased to the next highest multiple: 15,837 can be rounded to 15,840; then to 15,800; then to 16,000.
verb (used without object)
to become round.
to become free from angularity; become plump.
to develop to completeness or perfection.
to take a circular course; make a circuit, as a guard.
to make a turn or partial circuit around something.
to turn around as on an axis:
to round on one’s heels.
to reduce successively the number of digits to the right of the decimal point of a mixed number by dropping the final digit and adding 1 to the next preceding digit if the dropped digit was 5 or greater, or leaving the preceding digit unchanged if the dropped digit was 4 or less.
round to, Nautical. to turn a sailing vessel in the direction from which the wind is blowing.
in the round,
make the rounds,
having a flat circular shape, as a disc or hoop
having the shape of a sphere or ball
curved; not angular
involving or using circular motion
(prenominal) complete; entire: a round dozen
(of a sum of money) considerable; ample
fully depicted or developed, as a character in a book
full and plump: round cheeks
(of sound) full and sonorous
(of pace) brisk; lively
(prenominal) (of speech) candid; straightforward; unmodified: a round assertion
(of a vowel) pronounced with rounded lips
a round shape or object
in the round
a session, as of a negotiation: a round of talks
a series, cycle, or sequence: a giddy round of parties
the daily round, the usual activities of one’s day
a stage of a competition: he was eliminated in the first round
(often pl) a series of calls, esp in a set order: a doctor’s rounds, a milkman’s round
a playing of all the holes on a golf course
a single turn of play by each player, as in a card game
one of a number of periods constituting a boxing, wrestling, or other match, each usually lasting three minutes
(archery) a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance
a single discharge by a number of guns or a single gun
a bullet, blank cartridge, or other charge of ammunition
a number of drinks bought at one time for a group of people
a single slice of bread or toast or two slices making a single serving of sandwiches
a general outburst of applause, cheering, etc
movement in a circle or around an axis
(music) a part song in which the voices follow each other at equal intervals at the same pitch
a sequence of bells rung in order of treble to tenor Compare change (sense 29)
a dance in which the dancers move in a circle
a cut of beef from the thigh between the rump and the shank
go the rounds, make the rounds
surrounding, encircling, or enclosing: a band round her head
on all or most sides of: to look round one
on or outside the circumference or perimeter of: the stands round the racecourse
situated at various points in: a lot of shelves round the house
from place to place in: driving round Ireland
somewhere in or near: to stay round the house
making a circuit or partial circuit about: the ring road round the town
reached by making a partial circuit about something: the shop round the corner
revolving round a centre or axis: the earth’s motion round its axis
so as to have a basis in: the story is built round a good plot
on all or most sides: the garden is fenced all round, the crowd gathered round
on or outside the circumference or perimeter: the racing track is two miles round
in all directions from a point of reference: he owns the land for ten miles round
to all members of a group: pass the food round
in rotation or revolution: the wheels turn round
by a circuitous route: the road to the farm goes round by the pond
to a specific place: she came round to see me
all year round, throughout the year; in every month
to make or become round
(transitive) to encircle; surround
to move or cause to move with circular motion: to round a bend
late 13c., from Anglo-French rounde, Old French roont (12c., Modern French rond), probably originally *redond, from Vulgar Latin *retundus (cf. Provençal redon, Spanish redondo, Old Italian ritondo), from Latin rotundus “like a wheel, circular, round,” related to rota “wheel” (see rotary).
As an adverb from c.1300; as a preposition from c.1600. In many uses it is a shortened form of around. The French word is the source of Middle Dutch ront (Dutch rond), Middle High German runt (German rund) and similar Germanic words.
Of numbers from mid-14c., from earlier sense “full, complete, brought to completion” (mid-14c., notion of symmetry extended to that of completeness). First record of round trip is from 1844, originally of railways. Round heels attested from 1926, in reference to incompetent boxers, 1927 in reference to loose women, in either case implying an inability to avoid ending up flat on one’s back.
early 14c., “a spherical body,” from round (adj.) and Old French roond. Cf. Dutch rond, Danish and Swedish rund, German runde, all nouns from adjectives. Meaning “large round piece of beef” is recorded from 1650s. Theatrical sense (in phrase in the round) is recorded from 1944. Sense of “circuit performed by a sentinel” is from 1590s; that of “recurring course of time” is from 1710. Meaning “song sung by two or more, beginning at different times” is from 1520s. Golfing sense attested from 1775. Meaning “quantity of liquor served to a company at one time” is from 1630s; that of “single bout in a fight or boxing match” is from 1812; “single discharge of a firearm” is from 1725. Sense of “recurring session of meetings or negotiations” is from 1964.
late 14c., “to make round,” from round (adj.). Sense of “make a circuit round” is from 1590s. Sense of “bring to completeness” is from c.1600; meaning “to approximate (a number)” is from 1934. Meaning “turn round and face, turn on and assault” is from 1882. Round out “fill up” is from 1856. Related: Rounded; rounding.
“act of going around,” originally especially “a merry-go-round,” 1886, from go (v.) + round (adv.). Figurative sense of “argument, bout, fight,” etc. is from 1891.
A song that can be begun at different times by different singers, but with harmonious singing (see harmony) as the result. “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” is a round.
A turn; a repetition: That was nice. Let’s have another go-round (1960s+)
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