verb (used without object), went, gone, going.
to move or proceed, especially to or from something:
They’re going by bus.
to leave a place; depart:
People were coming and going all the time.
to keep or be in motion; function or perform as required:
Can’t you go any faster in your work?
to become as specified:
to go mad.
to continue in a certain state or condition; be habitually:
to go barefoot.
to act as specified:
Go warily if he wants to discuss terms.
to act so as to come into a certain state or condition:
to go into debt; to go to sleep.
to be known:
to go by a false name.
to reach, extend, or give access to:
Where does this door go?
to pass or elapse:
The time went fast.
to be applied, allotted, awarded, transferred, etc., to a particular recipient or purpose:
My money goes for food and rent.
to be sold:
I have a bid of two dollars. Going! Going! Gone!
to be considered generally or usually:
He’s short, as basketball players go.
to conduce or tend:
This only goes to prove the point.
to result or end; turn out:
How did the game go?
to belong; have a place:
This book goes on the top shelf.
(of colors, styles, etc.) to harmonize; be compatible; be suited:
Your tweed jacket would go well with these pants.
to fit around or into; be able to be extended, contained, inserted, etc.:
This belt won’t go around my waist.
to be or become consumed, spent, finished, etc.:
The cake went fast.
to be or become discarded, dismissed, put aside, forgotten, etc.:
Those practical jokes of yours have got to go!
to develop, progress, or proceed, especially with reference to success or satisfaction:
How is your new job going?
to move or proceed with remarkable speed or energy:
Look at that airplane go!
to make a certain sound:
The gun goes bang.
to be phrased, written, or composed:
How does that song go?
to seek or have recourse for a decision, verdict, corroboration, defense, etc.; resort:
to go to court.
to become worn-out, weakened, ineffective, etc.:
His eyesight is beginning to go.
The old man went peacefully at 3 a.m.
to fail, break, or give way:
The dike might go any minute.
to come into action; begin:
Go when you hear the bell.
to make up a quantity or content; be requisite:
Sixteen ounces go to the pound.
to be able to be divided; be contained as a mathematical element:
Three goes into fifteen five times.
to contribute to an end result:
the items that go to make up the total.
to have as one’s goal; intend (usually used in the present tense, followed by an infinitive):
Their daughter is going to be a doctor.
to be permitted, approved, or the like:
Around here, anything goes.
to be authoritative; be the final word:
This is my house, and what I say goes!
to subject oneself:
Don’t go to any trouble.
(used in the infinitive as an intensifier to indicate the idea of proceeding, especially with the expectation of serious consequences):
He finally had to go ask for a loan.
Informal. to urinate or defecate.
verb (used with object), went, gone, going.
Informal. to endure or tolerate:
I can’t go his preaching.
Informal. to risk, pay, afford, bet, or bid:
I’ll go fifty dollars for a ticket, but no more.
to move or proceed with or according to; follow:
Going my way?
to share or participate in to the extent of (often followed by a complementary substantive):
to go halves.
to yield, produce, weigh as a usable amount, or grow to:
This field will go two bales of cotton.
to assume the obligation, responsibility, or function of:
His father went bail for him.
Informal. to enjoy, appreciate, desire, or want:
I could go a big steak dinner right now.
Informal. to say; declare (usually used in speech): I asked the clerk for my receipt, and he goes, “You don’t need it.”.
noun, plural goes.
the act of going:
the come and go of the seasons.
energy, spirit, or animation:
a man with a lot of go.
a try at something; attempt:
to have a go at winning the prize.
a successful accomplishment; success:
to make a go of a new business.
Informal. a business agreement; deal; bargain:
Thirty dollars? It’s a go.
Informal. approval or permission, as to undertake or begin something:
The boss gave us the go on the new project.
Boxing. a bout:
the main go.
(in calling the start of a race) start the race; leave the starting line:
On your mark! Get set! Go!
functioning properly and ready:
two minutes before the satellite is to be launched and all systems are go.
go after, to attempt to obtain; strive for:
You’ll never get what you want if you don’t go after it energetically.
go against, to be in conflict with or opposed to:
It goes against the company’s policy.
go ahead, to proceed without hesitation or delay:
If you want to use my car, go ahead.
go back on. 2 (def 7).
go in for,
go in with, to join in a partnership or union; combine with:
He asked me to go in with him on the purchase of a boat.
go through with, to persevere with to the end; bring to completion:
It was perhaps the biggest challenge of her life, and she resolved to go through with it.
from the word “go”, from the very start; since the beginning.
go and, to be so thoughtless, unfortunate, or silly as to:
It was going to be a surprise but he went and told her.
go ape over / for. (def 6).
go bananas. (def 2).
go down on, Slang: Vulgar. to perform fellatio or cunnilingus on.
go for broke. (def 9).
go for it, Informal. to pursue a goal with determination.
go it alone, to act or proceed independently, without assistance, companionship, or the like:
If you don’t want to form a partnership, I’ll go it alone.
go native. (def 24).
go the whole hog, to do something thoroughly or consistently:
If you’re getting a new amplifier, why don’t you go the whole hog and get new speakers and a turntable, too?
go there, to discuss or think about a specific, typically undesirable topic (usually used negatively):
No personal questions, please—I don’t go there.
go to!, Archaic.
go to it, Informal. to begin vigorously and at once.
go with, Informal. to keep company with; court; date:
He went with her for two semesters.
Also, go out with.
let go with, to express or utter with abandon:
He let go with a sudden yell.
let oneself go, to free oneself of inhibitions or restraint:
Let yourself go and get mad once in a while.
no go, Informal.
on the go,
to go, Informal. (of food) for consumption off the premises where sold:
coffee to go.
[uhn-der] /ˈʌn dər/
beneath and covered by:
under a table; under a tree.
below the surface of:
under water; under the skin.
at a point or position lower or further down than:
He was hit just under his eye.
in the position or state of bearing, supporting, sustaining, enduring, etc.:
to sink under a heavy load.
beneath the heading or within the category of: Classify the books under “Fiction” and “General.”.
as designated, indicated, or represented by:
to register under a new name.
below in degree, amount, etc.; less than:
purchased under cost.
below in rank; of less dignity, importance, or the like:
A corporal is under a sergeant.
subject to the authority, direction, or supervision of:
a bureau functioning under the prime minister.
subject to the instruction or advice of:
to study the violin under Heifetz.
subject to the influence, condition, force, etc., of:
under these circumstances; born under the sign of Taurus.
protected, controlled, or watched by:
authorized, warranted, or attested by:
under one’s hand or seal.
in accordance with:
under the provisions of the law.
during the rule, administration, or government of:
new laws passed under President Reagan.
in the state or process of:
under repair; a matter under consideration.
Nautical. powered by the means indicated:
under sail; under steam.
below or beneath something:
Go over the fence, not under.
beneath the surface.
in a lower place.
in a lower degree, amount, etc.:
selling blouses for $25 and under.
in a subordinate position or condition.
in or into subjection or submission.
beneath or on the underside:
the under threads of the embroidery.
lower in position.
lower in degree, amount, etc.
lower in rank or condition.
subject to the control, effect, etc., as of a person, drug, or force:
The hypnotist had her subject under at once. The patient was under as soon as he breathed the anesthetic.
under wraps. (def 14).
verb (mainly intransitive) goes, going, went, gone
to move or proceed, esp to or from a point or in a certain direction: to go to London, to go home
(transitive; takes an infinitive, often with to omitted or replaced by and) to proceed towards a particular person or place with some specified intention or purpose: I must go and get that book
to depart: we’ll have to go at eleven
to start, as in a race: often used in commands
to make regular journeys: this train service goes to the east coast
to operate or function effectively: the radio won’t go
(copula) to become: his face went red with embarrassment
to make a noise as specified: the gun went bang
to enter into a specified state or condition: to go into hysterics, to go into action
to be or continue to be in a specified state or condition: to go in rags, to go in poverty
to lead, extend, or afford access: this route goes to the north
to proceed towards an activity: to go to supper, to go to sleep
(transitive; takes an infinitive) to serve or contribute: this letter goes to prove my point
to follow a course as specified; fare: the lecture went badly
to be applied or allotted to a particular purpose or recipient: her wealth went to her son, his money went on drink
to be sold or otherwise transferred to a recipient: the necklace went for three thousand pounds
to be ranked; compare: this meal is good as my meals go
to blend or harmonize: these chairs won’t go with the rest of your furniture
foll by by or under. to be known (by a name or disguise)
to fit or extend: that skirt won’t go round your waist
to have a usual or proper place: those books go on this shelf
(of music, poetry, etc) to be sounded; expressed, etc: how does that song go?
to fail or give way: my eyesight is going
to break down or collapse abruptly: the ladder went at the critical moment
to die: the old man went at 2 am
(often foll by by)
to occur: happiness does not always go with riches
to be eliminated, abolished, or given up: this entry must go to save space
to be spent or finished: all his money has gone
to circulate or be transmitted: the infection went around the whole community
to attend: go to school, go to church
to join a stated profession: go to the bar, go on the stage
(foll by to) to have recourse (to); turn: to go to arbitration
(foll by to) to subject or put oneself (to): she goes to great pains to please him
to proceed, esp up to or beyond certain limits: you will go too far one day and then you will be punished
to be acceptable or tolerated: anything goes in this place
to carry the weight of final authority: what the boss says goes
(foll by into) to be contained in: four goes into twelve three times
(often foll by for) to endure or last out: we can’t go for much longer without water in this heat
(transitive) (cards) to bet or bid: I go two hearts
(transitive) (informal, mainly US) to have as one’s weight: I went 112 pounds a year ago
(US & Canadian) (usually used in commands) takes an infinitive without to
(informal) to perform well; be successful: that group can really go
(transitive) (not standard) to say: widely used, esp in the historic present, in reporting dialogue: Then she goes, “Give it to me!” and she just snatched it
(informal) go and, to be so foolish or unlucky as to: then she had to go and lose her hat
be going, to intend or be about to start (to do or be doing something): often used as an alternative future construction: what’s going to happen to us?
(slang) go ape, to become crazy, enraged, or out of control
(slang) go ape over, to become crazy or extremely enthusiastic about
go astray, to be mislaid; go missing
go bail, to act as surety
go bush, See bush1 (sense 14)
go halves, See half (sense 15)
(often foll by with) go hard, to cause trouble or unhappiness (to)
(slang) go it, to do something or move energetically
(informal) go it alone, to act or proceed without allies or help
(informal) go much on, to approve of or be in agreement with (something): usually used in the negative: I don’t go much on the idea
(informal) go one better, to surpass or outdo (someone)
(informal) go the whole hog, See hog (sense 9)
let oneself go
noun (pl) goes
the act of going
a turn: it’s my go next
(informal) the quality of being active and energetic: she has much more go than I
(informal) hard or energetic work: it’s all go
(informal) a successful venture or achievement: he made a go of it
(informal) a bout or attack (of an illness): he had a bad go of flu last winter
(informal) an unforeseen, usually embarrassing or awkward, turn of events: here’s a rum go
(informal) a bargain or agreement
(informal) all the go, very popular; in fashion
(informal) from the word go, from the very beginning
(informal) no go, impossible; abortive or futile: it’s no go, I’m afraid
(informal) on the go, active and energetic
(postpositive) (informal) functioning properly and ready for action: esp used in astronautics: all systems are go
a game for two players in which stones are placed on a board marked with a grid, the object being to capture territory on the board
directly below; on, to, or beneath the underside or base of: under one’s feet
less than: under forty years
lower in rank than: under a corporal
subject to the supervision, jurisdiction, control, or influence of
subject to (conditions); in (certain circumstances)
within a classification of: a book under theology
known by: under an assumed name
planted with: a field under corn
powered by: under sail
(astrology) during the period that the sun is in (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries
below; to a position underneath something
Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under- (cf. Old Frisian under, Dutch onder, Old High German untar, German unter, Old Norse undir, Gothic undar), from PIE *ndhero- “lower” (cf. Sanskrit adhah “below;” Avestan athara- “lower;” Latin infernus “lower,” infra “below”).
Notion of “subordination” was present in Old English Also used in Old English as a preposition meaning “between, among,” as still in under these circumstances, etc. (though this may be an entirely separate root; see understand). Productive as a prefix in Old English, as in German and Scandinavian. Under the table is from 1921 in the sense of “very drunk,” 1940s in sense of “illegal.” To get something under (one’s) belt is from 1954; to keep something under (one’s) hat “secret” is from 1885; to have something under (one’s) nose “in plain sight” is from 1540s; to speak under (one’s) breath “in a low voice” is attested from 1832. To be under (someone’s) thumb “entirely controlled” is recorded from 1754.
Old English gan “to go, advance, depart; happen; conquer; observe,” from West Germanic *gai-/*gæ- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian gan, Middle Dutch gaen, Dutch gaan, Old High German gan, German gehen), from PIE *ghe- “to release, let go” (cf. Sanskrit jihite “goes away,” Greek kikhano “I reach, meet with”), but there is not general agreement on cognates.
The Old English past tense was eode, of uncertain origin but evidently once a different word (perhaps connected to Gothic iddja); it was replaced 1400s by went, formerly past tense of wenden “to direct one’s way” (see wend). In northern England and Scotland, however, eode tended to be replaced by gaed, a construction based on go. In modern English, only be and go take their past tenses from entirely different verbs.
The word in its various forms and combinations takes up 45 columns of close print in the OED. Verbal meaning “say” emerged 1960s in teen slang. Colloquial meaning “urinate or defecate” attested by 1926. Go for broke is from 1951, American English colloquial; go down on “perform oral sex on” is from 1916. That goes without saying (1878) translates French cela va sans dire. As an adjective, “in order,” from 1951, originally in aerospace jargon.
1727, “action of going,” from go (v.). The sense of “a try or turn at something” is from 1825; meaning “something that goes, a success” is from 1876. Phrase on the go “in constant motion” is from 1843.
ANativeAmerican who emulates or adopts the behavior of the majority culture; a servile Native American (1970s+ Native American)
from the git-go, from the word go, give something a shot, have a crack at something, have something going (or working) for someone or something, let fly, let oneself go, no-go, no go, on the go, tell someone where to get off, there you go, to go, way to go, what goes around comes around
- Go underground
verb phrase to go into hiding; to operate in secret Examples The group of dissidents went underground. Usage Note informal verb phrase To go into hiding; to operate in secret: the school newspaper went underground/ the persecuted go underground
goundou goun·dou (gōōn’dōō) n. A disease characterized by exostoses of the nasal processes of the maxillary bones, thus causing swelling on each side of the nose; it is endemic in West Africa and considered to be a consequence of yaws.
[goo-noh; French goo-noh] /ˈgu noʊ; French guˈnoʊ/ noun 1. Charles François [chahrlz fran-swah;; French sharl frahn-swa] /tʃɑrlz frænˈswɑ;; French ʃarl frɑ̃ˈswa/ (Show IPA), 1818–93, French composer. /ˈɡuːnəʊ; French ɡuno/ noun 1. Charles François (ʃarl frɑ̃swa). 1818–93, French composer of the operas Faust (1859) and Romeo and Juliet (1867)
noun [1940s+; probably fr goo] Related Terms goop1