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[gon-fuh-luh n] /ˈgɒn fə lən/

a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
a standard, especially one used by the medieval Italian republics.
a banner hanging from a crossbar, used esp by certain medieval Italian republics or in ecclesiastical processions
a battle flag suspended crosswise on a staff, usually having a serrated edge to give the appearance of streamers

1590s, variant of Middle English gonfanon (c.1300), from Old French gonfanon “knight’s pennon” (12c.), from Old High German guntfano “battle flag,” from Proto-Germanic *gunthja- “war,” from PIE *gwhen- “to strike, kill” (see bane) + *fano “banner” (cf. Gothic fana “cloth”). Cognate with Old English guþfana, Old Norse gunnfani. Change of -n- to -l- by dissimilation.


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    [gon-fuh-luh-neer] /ˌgɒn fə ləˈnɪər/ noun 1. the bearer of a gonfalon. 2. a chief magistrate or some other elected official in any of several medieval Italian republics. /ˌɡɒnfələˈnɪə/ noun 1. the chief magistrate or other official of a medieval Italian republic, esp the bearer of the republic’s gonfalon

  • Gonfanon

    [gon-fuh-nuh n] /ˈgɒn fə nən/ noun 1. a gonfalon that hangs directly from a pole, especially from the shaft of a lance just below the lance head.

  • Gong

    [gawng, gong] /gɔŋ, gɒŋ/ noun 1. a large bronze disk, of Asian origin, having an upturned rim, that produces a vibrant, hollow tone when struck, usually with a stick or hammer that has a padded head. 2. a shallow bell sounded by a hammer operated electrically or mechanically: The fire-alarm system will automatically sound the […]

  • Gong-buoy

    noun, Nautical. 1. a buoy in which one or more gongs are struck by hammers that swing freely with the motion of the buoy.

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