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[goo-lahg] /ˈgu lɑg/

noun, (sometimes initial capital letter)
the system of forced-labor camps in the Soviet Union.
a Soviet forced-labor camp.
any prison or detention camp, especially for political prisoners.
(formerly) the central administrative department of the Soviet security service, established in 1930, responsible for maintaining prisons and forced labour camps
(not capital) any system used to silence dissents

system of prisons and labor camps, especially for political detainees, in the former Soviet Union; rough acronym from Russian Glavnoe upravlenie ispravitel’no-trudovykh lagerei “Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps,” set up in 1931.
gulag [(gooh-lahg)]

A system of prison camps inside the former Soviet Union used for political prisoners. Under Joseph Stalin, millions of prisoners in these camps died from starvation and maltreatment. This system was given worldwide attention in the writings of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Gulag is an acronym in Russian of the name meaning Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps.


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