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Harold bloom

[bloom] /blum/

Harold, born 1930, U.S. literary critic and teacher.
a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
open flowers collectively: a tree covered with bloom
a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
(ecology) a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
Also called chill. a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
verb (mainly intransitive)
(of flowers) to open; come into flower
to bear flowers; blossom
to flourish or grow
to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
(transitive) (physics) to coat (a lens) with a thin layer of a substance, often magnesium fluoride, to eliminate surface reflection
a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot See also billet1 (sense 2)
(transitive) to convert (an ingot) into a bloom by rolling or forging

“blossom of a plant,” c.1200, a northern word, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse blomi “flower, blossom,” also collectively “flowers and foliage on trees;” from Proto-Germanic *blomon (cf. Old Saxon blomo, Middle Dutch bloeme, Dutch bloem, Old High German bluomo, German Blume, Gothic bloma), from PIE *bhle- (cf. Old Irish blath “blossom, flower,” Latin flos “flower,” florere “to blossom, flourish”), extended form of *bhel- (2) “to blow, inflate, swell” (see bole). Related to Old English blowan “to flower” (see blow (v.2)).

Transferred sense, of persons, is from c.1300; meaning “state of greatest loveliness” is from early 14c.; that of “blush on the cheeks” is from 1752. Old English had cognate bloma, but only in the figurative sense of “state of greatest beauty;” the main word in Old English for “flower” was blostm (see blossom).

“rough mass of wrought iron,” from Old English bloma “lump of metal; mass,” of unknown origin. Identical in form to bloom (n.1), and sometimes regarded as a secondary sense of it, but evidence of a connection is wanting.

mid-13c., blomen, from the noun (see bloom (n.1)). Related: Bloomed; blooming.


A glare from some white object in a television image; Womp (Television studio)


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