verb (used with object)
the state of being deposited or held as security; pawn:
She was forced to put her good jewelry in hock.
the condition of owing; debt:
After the loan was paid, he was finally out of hock.
the joint at the tarsus of a horse or similar animal, pointing backwards and corresponding to the human ankle
the corresponding joint in domestic fowl
another word for hamstring
any of several white wines from the German Rhine
(not in technical usage) any dry white wine
(transitive) to pawn or pledge
the state of being in pawn (esp in the phrase in hock)
“joint in the hind leg of a horse,” mid-15c., earlier hockshin (late 14c.), from Old English hohsinu “sinew of the heel, Achilles’ tendon,” literally “heel sinew,” from hoh “heel,” from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (cf. German Hachse “hock,” Old English hæla “heel”), from PIE *kenk- (3) “heel, bend of the knee.”
“Rhenish wine,” 1620s, shortening of Hockamore, from German Hochheimer, “(wine) of Hochheim,” town on the Main where wine was made; sense extended to German white wines in general.
“pawn, debt,” 1859, American English, in hock, which meant both “in debt” and “in prison,” from Dutch hok “jail, pen, doghouse, hutch, hovel.” The verb is 1878, from the noun.
When one gambler is caught by another, smarter than himself, and is beat, then he is in hock. Men are only caught, or put in hock, on the race-tracks, or on the steamboats down South. … Among thieves a man is in hock when he is in prison. [G.W. Matsell, “Vocabulum,” 1859]
The state of pawn: I’ve got to get my typewriter out of hock
To pawn: I hocked my diamond ring (1878+)
[apparently fr Dutch hok, ”prison”; the earliest US use was in hock, ”in prison”; perhaps also fr the underworld phrase in hock, ”caught,” fr the notion that one is taken ”by the heels,” or hocks]
To pester; nag; chatter incessantly: whom my mother kept hocking my father to promote to director/ Stop already hocking us to be good/ with her hokking and her kvetching
[1940s+; fr Yiddish hok in the idiom hok a chynik, ”knock a teapot,” meaning ”chatter constantly, talk foolishness,” perhaps because such talking resembled the loud whacking of a pot]
[hok-it] /ˈhɒk ɪt/ noun 1. a technique in medieval musical composition in which two or three voice parts are given notes or short phrases in rapid alternation, producing an erratic, hiccuping effect.
[hok-it] /ˈhɒk ɪt/ noun 1. Charles, 1916–2000, U.S. linguist and anthropologist.
[hok-ee] /ˈhɒk i/ noun 1. . 2. . /ˈhɒkɪ/ noun 1. Also called (esp US and Canadian) field hockey 2. See ice hockey /ˈhɒkɪ/ noun 1. (East Anglian, dialect) Also hawkey, horkey n. after an isolated reference from Ireland dated 1527 (“The horlinge of the litill balle with hockie stickes or staves …”), the word […]
noun 1. a tubular ice skate having a shorter blade than a racing skate and often having a reinforced shoe for protection.