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[hawg, hog] /hɔg, hɒg/

a hoofed mammal of the family Suidae, order Artiodactyla, comprising boars and swine.
a domesticated swine weighing 120 pounds (54 kg) or more, raised for market.
a selfish, gluttonous, or filthy person.

Also, hogg, hogget. British.

Railroads Slang. a locomotive.
a machine for shredding wood.
Curling. a stone that stops before reaching the hog score.
verb (used with object), hogged, hogging.
to appropriate selfishly; take more than one’s share of.
to arch (the back) upward like that of a hog.
3 (def 3).
(in machine-shop practice) to cut deeply into (a metal bar or slab) to reduce it to a shape suitable for final machining.
to shred (a piece of wood).
verb (used without object), hogged, hogging.
Nautical. (of a hull) to have less than the proper amount of sheer because of structural weakness; arch.
Compare (def 6a).
go the whole hog, to proceed or indulge completely and unreservedly:
We went the whole hog and took a cruise around the world.
Also, go whole hog.
live high off / on the hog, to be in prosperous circumstances.
Also, eat high off the hog.
a domesticated pig, esp a castrated male weighing more than 102 kg
(US & Canadian) any artiodactyl mammal of the family Suidae; pig
(Brit, dialect, Austral & NZ) Also hogg another name for hogget
(informal) a selfish, greedy, or slovenly person
(nautical) a stiff brush, for scraping a vessel’s bottom
(nautical) the amount or extent to which a vessel is hogged Compare sag (sense 6)
another word for camber (sense 4)
(slang, mainly US) a large powerful motorcycle
(informal) go the whole hog, to do something thoroughly or unreservedly: if you are redecorating one room, why not go the whole hog and paint the entire house?
(informal, mainly US) live high on the hog, live high off the hog, to have an extravagant lifestyle
verb (transitive) hogs, hogging, hogged
(slang) to take more than one’s share of
to arch (the back) like a hog
to cut (the mane) of (a horse) very short

late 12c. (implied in hogaster), “swine reared for slaughter” (usually about a year old), also used by stockmen for “young sheep” (mid-14c.) and for “horse older than one year,” suggesting the original sense had something to do with an age, not a type of animal. Not evidenced in Old English, but it may have existed. Possibility of British Celtic origin {Watkins, etc.] is regarded by OED as “improbable.” Figurative sense of “gluttonous person” is first recorded early 15c. Meaning “Harley-Davidson motorcycle” is attested from 1967.

To go hog wild is from 1904. Hog in armor “awkward or clumsy person in ill-fitting attire” is from 1650s. Phrase to go the whole hog (1828) is sometimes said to be from the butcher shop option of buying the whole slaughtered animal (at a discount) rather than just the choice bits. But it is perhaps rather from the story (recorded in English from 1779) of Muslim sophists, forbidden by the Quran from eating a certain unnamed part of the hog, who debated which part was intended and managed to exempt the whole of it from the prohibition.

“to appropriate greedily,” U.S. slang, 1884 (first attested in “Huck Finn”), from hog (n.). Related: Hogged; hogging.



To take or eat everything available for oneself; claim and seize all: appeared simultaneously with ET and suffered as the little fungiform geek hogged the box office/ Mara had deliberately hogged the spotlight (1884+)

Related Terms

eat high on the hog, on the hog, whole hog

[railroad and hobo senses fr the fact that large locomotives consumed a great deal of coal]

1. Favoured term to describe programs or hardware that seem to eat far more than their share of a system’s resources, especially those which noticeably degrade interactive response. *Not* used of programs that are simply extremely large or complex or that are merely painfully slow themselves (see pig, run like a). More often than not encountered in qualified forms, e.g. “memory hog”, “core hog”, “hog the processor”, “hog the disk”. “A controller that never gives up the I/O bus gets killed after the bus-hog timer expires.”
2. Also said of *people* who use more than their fair share of resources (particularly disk, where it seems that 10% of the people use 90% of the disk, no matter how big the disk is or how many people use it). Of course, once disk hogs fill up one file system, they typically find some other new one to infect, claiming to the sysadmin that they have an important new project to complete.


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