[ih-rak, ih-rahk] /ɪˈræk, ɪˈrɑk/
a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris-Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km).
a republic in SW Asia, on the Persian Gulf: coextensive with ancient Mesopotamia; became a British mandate in 1920, independent in 1932, and a republic in 1958. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (1990) led to their defeat in the first Gulf War (1991) by US-led UN forces. The second Gulf War (2003) took place when Iraq was invaded by a coalition of US, UK and other forces; government elected in 2005, although there is continuing violence and resistance to the coalition presence; the last coalition troops left the country in 2011. Iraq consists chiefly of the mountains of Kurdistan in the northeast, part of the Syrian Desert, and the lower basin of the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Oil is the major export. Official language: Arabic; Kurdish is official in the Kurdish Autonomous Region only. Official religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar. Capital: Baghdad. Pop: 31 858 481 (2013 est). Area: 438 446 sq km (169 284 sq miles)
country name, 1920, from an Arabic name attested since 6c. for the region known in Greek as Mesopotamia; often said to be from Arabic `araqa, covering notions such as “perspiring, deeply rooted, well-watered,” which may reflect the impression the lush river-land made on desert Arabs. But the name may be from, or influenced by, Sumerian Uruk (Biblical Erech), anciently a prominent city in what is now southern Iraq (from Sumerian uru “city”).
Iraq [(i-rak, i-rahk)]
Republic in the Middle East, bordered by the Persian Gulf, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia to the south; Jordan and Syria to the west; Turkey to the north; and Iran to the east. Its capital and largest city is Baghdad.
Note: The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia emerged in the valley between the Euphrates River and Tigris River in what is now Iraq.
Note: Ruled by Saddam Hussein, a dictator who invaded Iran in 1980 and Kuwait in 1990. (See also Persian Gulf War.)
[ih-rak-ee, ih-rah-kee] /ɪˈræk i, ɪˈrɑ ki/ noun, plural Iraqis. 1. a native of Iraq. 2. Also, Iraqi Arabic. the dialect of Arabic spoken in Iraq. adjective 3. of or relating to Iraq, its inhabitants, or their language. /ɪˈrɑːkɪ/ adjective 1. of or relating to Iraq or its inhabitants noun 2. a native or inhabitant of […]
[ahy-ruh] /ˈaɪ rə/ noun 1. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning “watchful.”. abbreviation 1. Infrared Astronomical Satellite, a pioneering international earth-orbiting satellite that during 1983 made an all-sky survey at infrared wavelengths abbreviation 1. Irish Republican Army masc. proper name, from Hebrew, literally “watchful,” from stem of ‘ur “to awake, to rouse […]
[ih-ras-uh-buh l] /ɪˈræs ə bəl/ adjective 1. easily provoked to anger; very irritable: an irascible old man. 2. characterized or produced by anger: an irascible response. /ɪˈræsɪbəl/ adjective 1. easily angered; irritable 2. showing irritability: an irascible action n. 1750, from irascible + -ity. adj. late 14c., from Middle French irascible (12c.) and directly from […]
[ih-ras-uh-buh l] /ɪˈræs ə bəl/ adjective 1. easily provoked to anger; very irritable: an irascible old man. 2. characterized or produced by anger: an irascible response. /ɪˈræsɪbəl/ adjective 1. easily angered; irritable 2. showing irritability: an irascible action adj. late 14c., from Middle French irascible (12c.) and directly from Late Latin irascibilis, from Latin irasci […]