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Joseph II

1741–90, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1765–90 (son of Francis I; brother of Leopold II and Marie Antoinette).
1741–90, Holy Roman emperor (1765–90); son of Francis I. He ruled Austria jointly with his mother, Maria Theresa, until her death (1780). He reorganized taxation, abolished serfdom, curtailed the feudal power of the nobles, and asserted his independence from the pope


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    [lis-ter] /ˈlɪs tər/ noun 1. Joseph, 1st Baron Lister of Lyme Regis [lahym ree-jis] /laɪm ˈri dʒɪs/ (Show IPA), 1827–1912, English surgeon: founder of modern antiseptic surgery. /ˈlɪstə/ noun 1. (US & Canadian, agriculture) a plough with a double mouldboard designed to throw soil to either side of a central furrow Also called lister plough, […]

  • Joseph jacquard

    [zha-kar] /ʒaˈkær/ noun 1. Joseph Marie [zhoh-zef ma-ree] /ʒoʊˈzɛf ma ri/ (Show IPA), 1752–1834, French inventor. /ˈdʒækɑːd; dʒəˈkɑːd; French ʒakar/ noun 1. Also called Jacquard weave. a fabric in which the design is incorporated into the weave instead of being printed or dyed on 2. Also called Jacquard loom. the loom that produces this fabric […]

  • Joseph-marie jacquard

    person /zhoh-zef’ mah-ree’ zhah-kar’/ (1752-07-07 to 1834-08-07) The inventor of the Jacquard loom. (1998-10-19)

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