[kech-uh p, kach-] /ˈkɛtʃ əp, ˈkætʃ-/
a condiment consisting of puréed tomatoes, onions, vinegar, sugar, spices, etc.
any of various other condiments or sauces for meat, fish, etc.:
mushroom ketchup; walnut ketchup.
any of various piquant sauces containing vinegar: tomato ketchup
1711, said to be from Malay kichap, but probably not original to Malay. It might have come from Chinese koechiap “brine of fish,” which, if authentic, perhaps is from the Chinese community in northern Vietnam [Terrien de Lacouperie, in “Babylonian and Oriental Record,” 1889, 1890]. Catsup (earlier catchup, 1680s) is a failed attempt at Englishing, still in use in U.S., influenced by cat and sup.
Originally a fish sauce, the word came to be used in English for a wide variety of spiced gravies and sauces; “Apicius Redivivus; or, the Cook’s Oracle,” by William Kitchiner, London, 1817, devotes 7 pages to recipes for different types of catsup (his book has 1 spelling of ketchup, 72 of catsup), including walnut, mushroom, oyster, cockle and mussel, tomata, white (vinegar and anchovies figure in it), cucumber, and pudding catsup. Chambers’s Encyclopaedia (1870) lists mushroom, walnut, and tomato ketchup as “the three most esteemed kinds.” Tomato ketchup emerged c.1800 in U.S. and predominated from early 20c.
[kech-i-kan] /ˈkɛtʃ ɪˌkæn/ noun 1. a seaport in SE Alaska: transportation and communications center.
[kech-rigd] /ˈkɛtʃˌrɪgd/ adjective 1. rigged in the manner of a ketch.
/ˈkɛtɛ/ noun (pl) kete 1. (NZ) a basket woven from flax
[kee-teen] /ˈki tin/ noun, Chemistry. 1. a colorless, poisonous gas, C 2 H 2 O, irritating to the lungs, prepared from acetone or acetic acid by pyrolysis: used chiefly in the manufacture of certain commercial chemicals, as acetic anhydride and aspirin. /ˈkiːtiːn; ˈkɛt-/ noun 1. a colourless irritating toxic gas used as an acetylating agent […]
[kee-toh] /ˈki toʊ/ adjective, Chemistry. 1. of or derived from a ketone. 1. a combining form representing ketone, in compound words: ketolysis. combining form 1. indicating that a chemical compound is a ketone or is derived from a ketone: ketose, ketoxime keto- or ket- pref. Ketone; ketone group: ketosis.