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noun, Chemistry.
a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, C 5 H 8 NNaO 4 ⋅H 2 O, used to intensify the flavor of foods.
a white crystalline substance, the sodium salt of glutamic acid, that has little flavour itself but enhances the flavour of proteins either by increasing the amount of saliva produced in the mouth or by stimulating the taste buds: used as a food additive, esp in Chinese foods. Formula: NaC5H8O4 Also called sodium glutamate, MSG

monosodium glutamate mon·o·so·di·um glutamate (mŏn’ə-sō’dē-əm)

Abbr. MSG A white odorless crystalline compound that is a salt of glutamic acid; it is used as a flavor enhancer in foods, an aplication that may cause Chinese restaurant syndrome in sensitive people, and used intravenously as an adjunct in treating encephalopathies associated with liver disease.
monosodium glutamate
(mŏn’ə-sō’dē-əm gl’tə-māt’)
A white, crystalline salt used to flavor food, especially in China and Japan. It occurs naturally in tomatoes, Parmesan cheese, and seaweed. Chemical formula: C5H8NNaO4.


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