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[mon-soon] /mɒnˈsun/

the seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter.
(in India and nearby lands) the season during which the southwest monsoon blows, commonly marked by heavy rains; rainy season.
any wind that changes directions with the seasons.
any persistent wind established between water and adjoining land.
a seasonal wind of S Asia that blows from the southwest in summer, bringing heavy rains, and from the northeast in winter
the rainy season when the SW monsoon blows, from about April to October
any wind that changes direction with the seasons

1580s, “trade wind of the Indian Ocean,” from Dutch monssoen, from Portuguese monçao, from Arabic mawsim “time of year, appropriate season” (for a voyage, pilgrimage, etc.), from wasama “he marked.” When it blows from the southwest (April through October) it brings heavy rain, hence “heavy episode of rainfall during the rainy season” (1747).

A wind system that affects large climatic regions and reverses direction seasonally.

Note: The Asiatic monsoon brings heavy rains to Southeast Asia in spring and summer.


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