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[nan-king; Chinese nahn-king] /ˈnænˈkɪŋ; Chinese ˈnɑnˈkɪŋ/

noun, Older Spelling.
[nahn-jing] /ˈnɑnˈdʒɪŋ/
noun, Pinyin.
a port in and the capital of Jiangsu province, in E China, on the Chang Jiang: a former capital of China.
/ˈnænˈdʒɪŋ; ˈnænˈtʃɪŋ/
a port in E central China, capital of Jiangsu province, on the Yangtze River: capital of the Chinese empire and a literary centre from the 14th to 17th centuries; capital of Nationalist China (1928–37); site of a massacre of about 300 000 civilians by the invading Japanese army in 1937; university (1928). Pop: 2 806 000 (2005 est)

city in China, literally “southern capital,” from nan “south” + jing “capital.”
Nanking [(nan-king, nahn-jing)]

See Nanjing.

City in eastern China on the Yangtze River, northeast of Shanghai; an industrial and transportation center.

Note: China’s imperial capital on several occasions, it was made capital of the Republic of China by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 after the Chinese Revolution, by Nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 to 1937, and again from 1946 to 1949.

Note: During the Second Sino-Japanese War in the 1930s, Nanjing was the scene of a Japanese massacre (the Rape of Nanking) and became the seat of a puppet regime established by the Japanese.


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