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[nuh-frahy-tis] /nəˈfraɪ tɪs/

noun, Pathology.
inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright’s disease.
inflammation of a kidney

1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis “disease of the kidneys,” from nephros “kidney” (see nephron) + -itis “inflammation.” Related: Nephritic.

nephritis ne·phri·tis (nə-frī’tĭs)
n. pl. ne·phri·tis·es or ne·phrit·i·des (-frĭt’ĭ-dēz’)
Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
Inflammation of the kidneys.


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  • Nephritic syndrome

    nephritic syndrome n. A syndrome comprising the clinical symptoms of nephritis, hematuria, hypertension, and renal failure.

  • Nephritogenic

    nephritogenic neph·ri·to·gen·ic (něf’rĭ-tə-jěn’ĭk, nə-frĭt’ə-) adj. Causing nephritis.

  • Nephro-

    1. a combining form meaning “kidney,” used in the formation of compound words: nephrolith. combining form 1. kidney or kidneys: nephrotomy before vowels nephr-, word-forming element meaning “kidney, kidneys,” from nephro-, comb. form of Greek nephros “kidney” (see nephron). nephro- or nephr- pref. Kidney; kidneylike structure: nephrotomy.

  • Nephrocalcinosis

    nephrocalcinosis neph·ro·cal·ci·no·sis (něf’rō-kāl’sə-nō’sĭs) n. Renal lithiasis characterized by diffusely scattered foci of calcification in the kidneys.

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