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[nef-ron] /ˈnɛf rɒn/

noun, Anatomy, Zoology.
the filtering and excretory unit of the kidney, consisting of the glomerulus and tubules.
any of the minute urine-secreting tubules that form the functional unit of the kidneys

1932, from German nephron (1924), from Greek nephros “kidney,” from PIE *negwhro- “kidney” (cf. Latin nefrones, Old Norse nyra, Dutch nier, German Niere “kidney”).

nephron neph·ron (něf’rŏn)
The functional unit of the kidney, consisting of the renal corpuscle, the proximal and distal convoluted tubules, and the nephronic loop.

The functional unit of the kidney, in which waste products are filtered from the blood and urine is produced. The nephron consists of a system of tubules in close association with a network of blood vessels. As fluid that is filtered through the glomerulus of the nephron enters the tubules, its composition is gradually changed by the absorption and secretion of solutes, and it eventually leaves the nephron as urine. See more at Bowman’s capsule, glomerulus, loop of Henle.


Read Also:

  • Nephronic loop

    nephronic loop ne·phron·ic loop (ně-frŏn’ĭk) n. The U-shaped part of the nephron extending from the proximal to the distal convoluted tubules; it consists of descending and ascending limbs. Also called Henle’s loop.

  • Nephropathy

    [nuh-frop-uh-thee] /nəˈfrɒp ə θi/ noun, Pathology. 1. any disease of the kidney. nephropathy ne·phrop·a·thy (nə-frŏp’ə-thē) n. A disease of the kidney. Also called renopathy. neph’ro·path’ic (něf’rə-pāth’ĭk) adj.

  • Nephropexy

    nephropexy neph·ro·pex·y (něf’rə-pěk’sē) n. Surgical fixation of a floating or mobile kidney.

  • Nephrophthisis

    nephrophthisis neph·roph·thi·sis (něf-rŏf’thĭ-sĭs) n.

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