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Nicholas II

(Gérard de Bourgogne) died 1061, pope 1058–61.
1868–1918, czar of Russia 1894–1917: executed 1918.
1868–1918, tsar of Russia (1894–1917). After the disastrous Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), he was forced to summon a representative assembly, but his continued autocracy and incompetence precipitated the Russian Revolution (1917): he abdicated and was shot


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