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[nahy-troh] /ˈnaɪ troʊ/

Chemistry. containing the .
a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which the nitro group is present:
(slang) short for nitroglycerine
combining form
indicating that a chemical compound contains a nitro group, -NO2: nitrobenzene
indicating that a chemical compound is a nitrate ester: nitrocellulose

abbreviation of nitroglycerine, 1935, slang.

before vowels nitr-, word-forming element used scientifically and indicating “nitrogen, nitrate” or “nitric acid,” from comb. form of Greek nitron (see nitre).

nitro- or nitr-




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  • Nitrobacteria

    [nahy-troh-bak-teer-ee-uh] /ˌnaɪ troʊ bækˈtɪər i ə/ plural noun, singular nitrobacterium [nahy-troh-bak-teer-ee-uh m] /ˌnaɪ troʊ bækˈtɪər i əm/ (Show IPA) 1. certain in the soil involved in nitrifying processes. /ˌnaɪtrəʊbækˈtɪərɪə/ plural noun (sing) -terium (-ˈtɪərɪəm) 1. soil bacteria of the order Pseudomonadales that are involved in nitrification, including species of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter

  • Nitrobenzene

    [nahy-troh-ben-zeen, -ben-zeen] /ˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zin, -bɛnˈzin/ noun, Chemistry. 1. a pale yellow, toxic, water-soluble liquid, C 6 H 5 NO 2 , produced by nitrating with nitric acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of aniline. /ˌnaɪtrəʊˈbɛnziːn/ noun 1. a yellow oily toxic water-insoluble liquid compound, used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline. […]

  • Nitroblue tetrazolium test

    nitroblue tetrazolium test ni·tro·blue tet·ra·zo·li·um test (nī’trō-blōō’ tět’rə-zō’lē-əm) n. A test to detect the phagocytic ability of polymorphonuclear white blood cells. Also called NBT test.

  • Nitrocellulose

    [nahy-truh-sel-yuh-lohs] /ˌnaɪ trəˈsɛl yəˌloʊs/ noun, Chemistry. 1. . /ˌnaɪtrəʊˈsɛljʊˌləʊs/ noun 1. another name (not in chemical usage) for cellulose nitrate nitrocellulose ni·tro·cel·lu·lose (nī’trō-sěl’yə-lōs’, -lōz’) n. See cellulose nitrate. nitrocellulose (nī’trō-sěl’yə-lōs’) A pulpy or cottonlike polymer derived from cellulose treated with sulfuric and nitric acids. It is used in the manufacture of explosives, plastics, and solid […]

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