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[ak-si-den-tl] /ˌæk sɪˈdɛn tl/

happening by chance or ; not planned; unexpected:
an accidental meeting.
nonessential; incidental; subsidiary:
accidental benefits.
Music. relating to or indicating sharps, flats, or naturals.
a nonessential or subsidiary circumstance, characteristic, or feature.
Music. a sign placed before a note indicating a chromatic alteration of its pitch.
occurring by chance, unexpectedly, or unintentionally
nonessential; incidental
(music) denoting sharps, flats, or naturals that are not in the key signature of a piece
(logic) (of a property) not essential; contingent
an incidental, nonessential, or supplementary circumstance, factor, or attribute
(music) a symbol denoting a sharp, flat, or natural that is not a part of the key signature

late 14c., “non-essential,” from Old French accidentel or directly from Medieval Latin accidentalis, from Latin accidentem (see accident). Meaning “outside the normal course of nature” is from early 15c.; that of “coming by chance” is from 1570s.

late 14c., “non-essential quality,” from accidental (adj.). The musical sense is from 1868.


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