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[per-spek-tiv] /pərˈspɛk tɪv/

a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface.
Compare , .
a picture employing this technique, especially one in which it is prominent:
an architect’s perspective of a house.
a visible scene, especially one extending to a distance; vista:
a perspective on the main axis of an estate.
the state of existing in space before the eye:
The elevations look all right, but the building’s composition is a failure in perspective.
the state of one’s ideas, the facts known to one, etc., in having a meaningful interrelationship:
You have to live here a few years to see local conditions in perspective.
the faculty of seeing all the relevant data in a meaningful relationship:
Your data is admirably detailed but it lacks perspective.
a mental view or prospect:
the dismal perspective of terminally ill patients.
of or relating to the art of perspective, or represented according to its laws.
a way of regarding situations, facts, etc, and judging their relative importance
the proper or accurate point of view or the ability to see it; objectivity: try to get some perspective on your troubles
the theory or art of suggesting three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, in order to recreate the appearance and spatial relationships that objects or a scene in recession present to the eye
the appearance of objects, buildings, etc, relative to each other, as determined by their distance from the viewer, or the effects of this distance on their appearance
a view over some distance in space or time; vista; prospect
a picture showing perspective

late 14c., “science of optics,” from Old French perspective and directly from Medieval Latin perspectiva ars “science of optics,” from fem. of perspectivus “of sight, optical” from Latin perspectus “clearly perceived,” past participle of perspicere “inspect, look through, look closely at,” from per- “through” (see per) + specere “look at” (see scope (n.1)). Sense of “art of drawing objects so as to give appearance of distance or depth” is first found 1590s, influenced by Italian prospettiva, an artists’ term. The figurative meaning “mental outlook over time” is first recorded 1762.

In drawing or painting, a way of portraying three dimensions on a flat, two-dimensional surface by suggesting depth or distance.


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