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[sov-rin, sov-er-in, suhv-] /ˈsɒv rɪn, ˈsɒv ər ɪn, ˈsʌv-/

a monarch; a king, queen, or other supreme ruler.
a person who has supreme power or authority.
a group or body of persons or a state having sovereign authority.
a gold coin of the United Kingdom, equal to one pound sterling: went out of circulation after 1914.
belonging to or characteristic of a sovereign or sovereign authority; royal.
having supreme rank, power, or authority.
supreme; preeminent; indisputable:
a sovereign right.
greatest in degree; utmost or extreme.
being above all others in character, importance, excellence, etc.
efficacious; potent:
a sovereign remedy.
a person exercising supreme authority, esp a monarch
a former British gold coin worth one pound sterling
supreme in rank or authority: a sovereign lord
excellent or outstanding: a sovereign remedy
of, relating to, or characteristic of a sovereign
independent of outside authority: a sovereign state

late 13c., “superior, ruler, master,” from Old French soverain “sovereign, lord, ruler,” noun use of adjective meaning “highest, supreme, chief” (see sovereign (adj.)). Meaning “gold coin worth 22s 6d” first recorded late 15c.; value changed 1817 to 1 pound.

early 14c., “great, superior, supreme,” from Old French soverain “highest, supreme, chief,” from Vulgar Latin *superanus “chief, principal” (source also of Spanish soberano, Italian soprano), from Latin super “over” (see super-). Spelling influenced by folk-etymology association with reign. Milton spelled it sovran, as though from Italian sovrano. Of remedies or medicines, “potent in a high degree,” from late 14c.


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