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(anatomy) a glial cell involved in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons

oligodendrocyte ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte (ŏl’ĭ-gō-děn’drə-sīt’)
One of the cells comprising the oligodendroglia.


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  • Oligodendroglia

    oligodendroglia ol·i·go·den·drog·li·a (ŏl’ĭ-gō-děn-drŏg’lē-ə) n. Neuroglia consisting of cells similar to but smaller than astrocytes, found in the central nervous system and associated with the formation of myelin. Also called oligodendria.

  • Oligodendroglia cell

    oligodendroglia cell n. A form of oligodendrocyte that is a component of central nervous system tissue and that may contribute to formation of the myelin sheath around axons of neurons.

  • Oligodendroglioma

    oligodendroglioma ol·i·go·den·dro·gli·o·ma (ŏl’ĭ-gō-děn’drō-glē-ō’mə, -glī-) n. A relatively rare and slow-growing glioma characterized by numerous small, round or ovoid oligodendroglial cells uniformly distributed in a sparse fibrillary stroma.

  • Oligodipsia

    oligodipsia ol·i·go·dip·si·a (ŏl’ĭ-gō-dĭp’sē-ə) n. Abnormal absence of thirst.

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