According to the original theories of psychoanalysis, a personality fixed emotionally in the oral stage of development, whose sexual and aggressive drives are satisfied by putting things in his or her mouth. Depending on when the fixation occurs, oral personalities tend to be either optimistic, generous, and gregarious or aggressive, ambitious, and selfish. More recently, the term has come to refer to anyone who seeks pleasure through eating or sucking: “I didn’t realize he was an oral personality until I saw him smoking and chewing gum at the same time.” (Compare anal personality.)
- Oral phase
oral phase n. In psychoanalytic theory, the first stage in psychosexual development, usually occurring in the first year, when the mouth is the focus of the infant’s needs, expression, gratification, and pleasurable erotic experiences.
- Oral poliovirus vaccine
oral poliovirus vaccine n. Abbr. OPV See poliovirus vaccine.
- Oral rehydration therapy
oral rehydration therapy n. Treatment for diarrhea-related dehydration in which an electrolyte solution containing fluids and vital ions is administered.
- Oral stage
According to psychoanalysis, the first social and sexual stage of an infant’s development, during which the infant focuses on satisfying hunger. Psychoanalysts believe that during this stage, the mouth is the focus of the libido; eating, sexual, and aggressive drives are satisfied by chewing, suckling, and biting. (See also anal stage, genital stage, and pleasure […]