[noun, adjective awr-ee-uh nt, ‐ee-ent, ohr-; verb awr-ee-ent, ohr‐] /noun, adjective ˈɔr i ənt, ‐iˌɛnt, ˈoʊr-; verb ˈɔr iˌɛnt, ˈoʊr‐/
the east; the eastern region of the heavens or the world.
verb (used with object)
to adjust with relation to, or bring into due relation to surroundings, circumstances, facts, etc.
to familiarize (a person) with new surroundings or circumstances, or the like:
lectures designed to orient the new students.
to place in any definite position with reference to the points of the compass or other locations:
to orient a building north and south.
to direct or position toward a particular object:
Orient it toward that house.
to determine the position of in relation to the points of the compass; get the bearings of.
to place so as to face the east, especially to build (a church) with the chief altar to the east and the chief entrance to the west.
Surveying. to set (the horizontal circle of a surveying instrument) so that readings give correct azimuths.
Mathematics. to assign to (a surface) a constant, outward direction at each point.
verb (used without object)
to turn toward the east or in any specified direction.
(of a gem or pearl) exceptionally fine and lustrous; .
Archaic. rising or appearing, especially as from below the horizon:
the orient sun.
(poetic) another word for east Compare occident
(archaic) the eastern sky or the dawn
a pearl of high quality
(mainly poetic) eastern
(archaic) (of the sun, stars, etc) rising
to adjust or align (oneself or something else) according to surroundings or circumstances
(transitive) to position, align, or set (a map, surveying instrument, etc) with reference to the points of the compass or other specific directions
(transitive) to set or build (a church) in an easterly direction
noun the Orient
the countries east of the Mediterranean
the eastern hemisphere
“having an orientation,” 1918, past participle adjective from orient (v.)
c.1300, “the East” (originally usually meaning what is now called the Middle East), from Old French orient “east” (11c.), from Latin orientem (nominative oriens) “the rising sun, the east, part of the sky where the sun rises,” originally “rising” (adj.), present participle of oriri “to rise” (see orchestra). The Orient Express was a train that ran from Paris to Istanbul via Vienna 1883-1961, from the start associated with espionage and intrigue.
c.1727, originally “to arrange facing east,” from French s’orienter “to take one’s bearings,” literally “to face the east” (also the source of German orientierung), from Old French orient “east,” from Latin orientum (see Orient (n.)). Extended meaning “determine bearings” first attested 1842; figurative sense is from 1850. Related: Oriented; orienting.
orient o·ri·ent (ôr’ē-ənt, -ěnt’)
v. or·i·ent·ed, or·i·ent·ing, or·i·ents
/ˌɔːrɪənˈtɪə/ verb (intransitive) 1. to take part in orienteering noun 2. a person who takes part in orienteering
[awr-ee-en-teer-ing, ohr-] /ˌɔr i ɛnˈtɪər ɪŋ, ˌoʊr-/ noun 1. a competitive sport, originating in Sweden, that tests the skills of map reading and cross-country running, in which competitors race through an unknown area to find various checkpoints by using only a compass and topographical map, the winner being the finisher with the lowest elapsed time. […]
[noun, adjective awr-ee-uh nt, ‐ee-ent, ohr-; verb awr-ee-ent, ohr‐] /noun, adjective ˈɔr i ənt, ‐iˌɛnt, ˈoʊr-; verb ˈɔr iˌɛnt, ˈoʊr‐/ noun 1. the Orient, 2. Jewelry. 3. the east; the eastern region of the heavens or the world. verb (used with object) 4. to adjust with relation to, or bring into due relation to surroundings, […]
noun 1. an express passenger train in service between Paris and Istanbul from 1883 until 1977, using various routes. Some or parts of the routes continue to be served by regular service and by rail tours.
- Orienting reflex
orienting reflex n. An aspect of responding to environmental stimuli attending in which an organism’s initial response to a change or novel stimulus makes the organism more sensitive to the stimulation, as when the pupil of the eye dilates in response to dim light. Also called orienting response.