away from, or not in, the normal or usual place, position, state, etc.:
out of alphabetical order; to go out to dinner.
away from one’s home, country, work, etc., as specified:
to go out of town.
in or into the outdoors:
to go out for a walk.
to a state of exhaustion, extinction, or depletion:
to pump a well out.
to the end or conclusion; to a final decision or resolution:
to say it all out.
to a point or state of extinction, nonexistence, etc.:
to blow out the candle; a practice on the way out.
in or into a state of neglect, disuse, etc.; not in current vogue or fashion:
That style has gone out.
so as not to be in the normal or proper position or state; out of joint:
His back went out after his fall.
in or into public notice or knowledge:
The truth is out at last.
seeking openly and energetically to do or have:
to be out for a good time.
not in present possession or use, as on loan:
The librarian said that the book was still out.
The miners go out at midnight.
so as to project or extend:
to stretch out; stick your tongue out.
in or into activity, existence, or outward manifestation:
A rash came out on her arm.
from a specified source or material:
made out of scraps.
from a state of composure, satisfaction, or harmony:
to be put out over trifles.
in or into a state of confusion, vexation, dispute, variance, or unfriendliness:
to fall out about trifles.
so as to deprive or be deprived:
to be cheated out of one’s money.
so as to use the last part of:
to run out of gas.
from a number, stock, or store:
to point out the errors.
aloud or loudly:
to cry out.
with completeness or effectiveness:
to fill out.
thoroughly; completely; entirely:
The children tired me out.
so as to obliterate or make undecipherable:
to cross out a misspelling; to ink out.
not at one’s home or place of employment; absent:
I stopped by to visit you last night, but you were out.
not open to consideration; out of the question:
I wanted to go by plane, but all the flights are booked, so that’s out.
wanting; lacking; without:
We had some but now we’re out.
removed from or not in effective operation, play, a turn at bat, or the like, as in a game:
He’s out for the season because of an injury.
no longer having or holding a job, public office, etc.; unemployed; disengaged (usually followed by of):
to be out of work.
The elevator is out. Are the lights out?
before the week is out.
not currently stylish, fashionable, or in vogue:
Fitted waistlines are out this season.
Two drinks and he’s usually out.
not in power, authority, or the like:
a member of the out party.
beyond fixed or regular limits; out of bounds:
The ball was out.
having a pecuniary loss or expense to an indicated extent:
The company will be out millions of dollars if the new factory doesn’t open on schedule.
incorrect or inaccurate:
His calculations are out.
not in practice; unskillful from lack of practice:
Your bow hand is out.
beyond the usual range, size, weight, etc. (often used in combination):
an outsize bed.
exposed; made bare, as by holes in one’s clothing:
out at the knees.
at variance; at odds; unfriendly:
They are out with each other.
moving or directed outward; outgoing:
the out train.
not available, plentiful, etc.:
Mums are out till next fall.
external; exterior; outer.
located at a distance; outlying:
We sailed to six of the out islands.
Cricket. not having its innings:
the out side.
of or relating to the playing of the first nine holes of an 18-hole golf course (opposed to ):
His out score on the second round was 33.
(used to indicate movement or direction from the inside to the outside of something):
He looked out the window. She ran out the door.
(used to indicate location):
The car is parked out back.
(used to indicate movement away from a central point):
Let’s drive out the old parkway.
(used in radio communications to signify that the sender has finished the message and is not expecting or prepared to receive a reply.)
Compare (def 52).
Archaic. (an exclamation of abhorrence, indignation, reproach, or grief (usually followed by upon):
Out upon you!
a means of escape or excuse, as from a place, punishment, retribution, responsibility, etc.:
He always left himself an out.
a person who lacks status, power, or authority, especially in relation to a particular group or situation.
Usually, outs. persons not in office or political power (distinguished from ).
Baseball. a put-out.
(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) a return or service that does not land within the in-bounds limits of a court or section of a court (opposed to ).
something that is out, as a projecting corner.
Northern British Dialect. an outing.
verb (used without object)
to go or come out.
to become public, evident, known, etc.:
The truth will out.
to make known; tell; utter (followed by with):
Out with the truth!
verb (used with object)
to eject or expel; discharge; oust.
to intentionally expose (a secret homosexual, a spy, etc.).
all out, with maximum effort; thoroughly or wholeheartedly:
They went all out to finish by Friday.
be on the / at outs with, Informal. to be estranged from (another person); be unfriendly or on bad terms with:
He is on the outs with his brother.
out and away, to a surpassing extent; far and away; by far:
It was out and away the best apple pie she had ever eaten.
out for, aggressively determined to acquire, achieve, etc.:
He’s out for all the money he can get.
out from under, out of a difficult situation, especially of debts or other obligations:
The work piled up while I was away and I don’t know how I’ll ever get out from under.
out of it, Informal.
out of sight. (def 25).
out of trim, Nautical. (of a ship) drawing excessively at the bow or stern.
verb (used without object), died, dying.
to cease to live; undergo the complete and permanent cessation of all vital functions; become dead.
(of something inanimate) to cease to exist:
The laughter died on his lips.
to lose force, strength, or active qualities:
Superstitions die slowly.
to cease to function; stop:
The motor died.
to be no longer subject; become indifferent:
to die to worldly matters.
to pass gradually; fade or subside gradually (usually followed by away, out, or down):
The storm slowly died down.
Theology. to lose spiritual life.
to faint or languish.
to suffer as if fatally:
I’m dying of boredom!
to pine with desire, love, longing, etc.:
I’m dying to see my home again.
to desire or want keenly or greatly:
I’m dying for a cup of coffee.
die away, (of a sound) to become weaker or fainter and then cease:
The hoofbeats gradually died away.
die down, to become calm or quiet; subside.
die off, to die one after another until the number is greatly reduced:
Her friends are dying off.
die standing up, Theater. (of a performance) to be received with silence rather than applause.
never say die, never give up hope; never abandon one’s efforts.
to die for, stunning; remarkable:
That dress is to die for.
verb (mainly intransitive) dies, dying, died
(of an organism or its cells, organs, etc) to cease all biological activity permanently: she died of pneumonia
(of something inanimate) to cease to exist; come to an end: the memory of her will never die
often foll by away, down, or out. to lose strength, power, or energy, esp by degrees
often foll by away or down. to become calm or quiet; subside: the noise slowly died down
to stop functioning: the engine died
to languish or pine, as with love, longing, etc
(usually foll by of) (informal) to be nearly overcome (with laughter, boredom, etc)
(theol) to lack spiritual life within the soul, thus separating it from God and leading to eternal punishment
(transitive) to undergo or suffer (a death of a specified kind) (esp in phrases such as die a saintly death)
(foll by to) to become indifferent or apathetic (to): to die to the world
(informal) never say die, never give up
die hard, to cease to exist after resistance or a struggle: old habits die hard
die in harness, to die while still working or active, prior to retirement
be dying, foll by for or an infinitive. to be eager or desperate (for something or to do something): I’m dying to see the new house
(informal) to die for, highly desirable: a salary to die for
an internally-threaded tool for cutting external threads Compare tap2 (sense 6)
a casting mould giving accurate dimensions and a good surface to the object cast See also die-cast
(architect) the dado of a pedestal, usually cubic
another name for dice (sense 2)
as straight as a die, perfectly honest
the die is cast, the decision that commits a person irrevocably to an action has been taken
(often used as a particle) at or to a point beyond the limits of some location; outside: get out at once
(particle) out of consciousness: she passed out at the sight of blood
(particle) used to indicate a burst of activity as indicated by the verb: fever broke out
(particle) used to indicate obliteration of an object: the graffiti were painted out
(particle) used to indicate an approximate drawing or description: sketch out, chalk out
public; revealed: the secret is out
(often used as a particle) away from one’s custody or ownership, esp on hire: to let out a cottage
on sale or on view to the public: the book is being brought out next May
(of a young woman) in or into polite society: Lucinda had a fabulous party when she came out
(of the sun, stars, etc) visible
(of a jury) withdrawn to consider a verdict in private
(particle) used to indicate exhaustion or extinction: the sugar’s run out, put the light out
(particle) used to indicate a goal or object achieved at the end of the action specified by the verb: he worked it out, let’s fight it out, then!
(preceded by a superlative) existing: the friendliest dog out
an expression in signalling, radio, etc, to indicate the end of a transmission
(Austral & NZ, archaic) in or to Australia or New Zealand: he came out last year
not or not any longer worth considering: that plan is out because of the weather
not allowed: smoking on duty is out
(also prenominal) not in vogue; unfashionable: that sort of dress is out these days
(of a fire or light) no longer burning or providing illumination: the fire is out
not working: the radio’s out
unconscious: he was out for two minutes
(Austral & NZ, informal) out to it, asleep or unconscious, esp because drunk
not in; not at home: call back later, they’re out now
desirous of or intent on (something or doing something): I’m out for as much money as I can get
Also out on strike. on strike: the machine shop is out
(in several games and sports) denoting the state in which a player is caused to discontinue active participation, esp in some specified role
used up; exhausted: our supplies are completely out
worn into holes: this sweater is out at the elbows
inaccurate, deficient, or discrepant: out by six pence
not in office or authority: his party will be out at the election
completed or concluded, as of time: before the year is out
in flower: the roses are out now
in arms, esp, in rebellion: one of his ancestors was out in the Forty-Five
(also prenominal) being out: the out position on the dial
(informal) not concealing one’s homosexuality
out of; out through: he ran out the door
(archaic or dialect) outside; beyond: he comes from out our domain
out with it, a command to make something known immediately, without missing any details
(mainly US) a method of escape from a place, difficult situation, punishment, etc
(baseball) an instance of the putting out of a batter; putout
ins and outs, See in1 (sense 30)
(transitive) to put or throw out
(intransitive) to be made known or effective despite efforts to the contrary (esp in the phrase will out): the truth will out
(transitive) (informal) (of homosexuals) to expose (a public figure) as being a fellow homosexual
(transitive) (informal) to expose something secret, embarrassing, or unknown about (a person): he was eventually outed as a talented goal scorer
mid-12c., possibly from Old Danish døja or Old Norse deyja “to die, pass away,” both from Proto-Germanic *dawjanan (cf. Old Frisian deja “to kill,” Old Saxon doian, Old High German touwen, Gothic diwans “mortal”), from PIE root *dheu- (3) “to pass away, become senseless” (cf. Old Irish dith “end, death,” Old Church Slavonic daviti, Russian davit’ “to choke, suffer”).
It has been speculated that Old English had *diegan, from the same source, but it is not in any of the surviving texts and the preferred words were steorfan (see starve), sweltan (see swelter), wesan dead, also forðgan and other euphemisms.
Languages usually don’t borrow words from abroad for central life experiences, but “die” words are an exception, because they are often hidden or changed euphemistically out of superstitious dread. A Dutch euphemism translates as “to give the pipe to Maarten.” Regularly spelled dege through 15c., and still pronounced “dee” by some in Lancashire and Scotland. Used figuratively (of sounds, etc.) from 1580s. Related: Died; dies.
early 14c. (as a plural, late 14c. as a singular), from Old French de “die, dice,” of uncertain origin. Common Romanic (cf. Spanish, Portuguese, Italian dado, Provençal dat, Catalan dau), perhaps from Latin datum “given,” past participle of dare (see date (n.1)), which, in addition to “give,” had a secondary sense of “to play” (as a chess piece); or else from “what is given” (by chance or Fortune). Sense of “stamping block or tool” first recorded 1690s.
Old English ut “out, without, outside,” common Germanic (cf. Old Norse, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Gothic ut, Middle Dutch uut, Dutch uit, Old High German uz, German aus), from PIE root *ud- “up, out, up away” (cf. Sanskrit ut “up, out,” uttarah “higher, upper, later, northern;” Avestan uz- “up, out,” Old Irish ud- “out,” Latin usque “all the way to, without interruption,” Greek hysteros “the latter,” Russian vy- “out”). Meaning “into public notice” is from 1540s. As an adjective from c.1200. Meaning “unconscious” is attested from 1898, originally in boxing. Sense of “not popular or modern” is from 1966. As a preposition from mid-13c.
Sense in baseball (1860) was earlier in cricket (1746). Adverbial phrase out-and-out “thoroughly” is attested from early 14c.; adjective usage is attested from 1813; out-of-the-way (adj.) “remote, secluded” is attested from late 15c. Out-of-towner “one not from a certain place” is from 1911. Shakespeare’s It out-herods Herod (“Hamlet”) reflects Herod as stock braggart and bully in old religious drama and was widely imitated 19c. Out to lunch “insane” is student slang from 1955; out of this world “excellent” is from 1938; out of sight “excellent, superior” is from 1891.
Old English utian “expel, put out” (see out (adv.)); used in many senses over the years. Meaning “to expose as a closet homosexual” is first recorded 1990 (as an adjective meaning “openly avowing one’s homosexuality” it dates from 1970s; see closet); sense of “disclose to public view, reveal, make known” has been present since mid-14c.
Eufrosyne preyde Þat god schulde not outen hire to nowiht. [Legendary of St. Euphrosyne, c.1350]
Related: Outed; outing.
1620s, “a being out” (of something), from out (adv.). From 1860 in baseball sense; from 1919 as “means of escape; alibi.”
v. died, dy·ing (dī’ĭng), dies
To the point of surfeit or exhaustion: I’m coffeed out for the time being/ I don’t want them to think I’m losered out (1990s+)
A way of escape; a plausible alibi or evasive course; let out: You have an out, though. You can talk (1919+)
: Some gay activists have undertaken a campaign of outing, exposing well-known people who are believed to be gay (late 1980s+)
all get out, far out, get out, way out
To desire very strongly: She was dying to become Miss Pancake (1591+)
cross my heart
[out-n] /ˈaʊt n/ verb (used with object), Eastern North Midland and South Atlantic States. 1. to turn off (a light) or extinguish (a fire). v. “put out,” 1916, American English dialectal; see out (adv.) + -en (1). An idiom in Pennsylvania German.
[ou-ter] /ˈaʊ tər/ adjective 1. situated on or toward the outside; external; exterior: outer garments; an outer wall. 2. situated farther or farther from the center: the outer reaches of space. 3. of or relating to the external world. /ˈaʊtə/ adjective (prenominal) 1. being or located on the outside; external 2. further from the middle […]
noun, Mathematics. 1. an automorphism that is not an inner automorphism.
noun, English Law. 1. a body of the junior counsel who sit and plead outside the dividing bar in the court, ranking below the King’s Counsel or Queen’s Counsel. noun 1. (in England) a collective name for junior barristers who plead from outside the bar of the court Compare Queen’s Counsel