[skawr, skohr] /skɔr, skoʊr/
noun, plural scores, score for 11.
the record of points or strokes made by the competitors in a game or match.
the total points or strokes made by one side, individual, play, game, etc.
an act or instance of making or earning a point or points.
Education, Psychology. the performance of an individual or sometimes of a group on an examination or test, expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol.
a notch, scratch, or incision; a stroke or line.
a notch or mark for keeping an account or record.
a reckoning or account so kept; tally.
any account showing indebtedness.
an amount recorded as due.
a line drawn as a boundary, the starting point of a race, a goal line, etc.
a group or set of 20:
about a score of years ago.
scores, a great many:
Scores of people were at the dance.
a reason, ground, or cause:
to complain on the score of low pay.
verb (used with object), scored, scoring.
to gain for addition to one’s score in a game or match.
to make a score of:
He scored 98 on the test.
to have as a specified value in points:
Four aces score 100.
Education, Psychology. to evaluate the responses a person has made on (a test or an examination).
Cookery. to cut ridges or lines into (meat, fish, etc.) with shallow slashes, usually in a diamond pattern, before cooking.
to make notches, cuts, marks, or lines in or on.
to record or keep a record of (points, items, etc.), by or as if by notches, marks, etc.; tally; reckon (often followed by up).
to write down as a debt.
to record as a debtor.
to gain, achieve, or win:
The play scored a great success.
to berate or censure:
The newspapers scored the mayor severely for the announcement.
to crease (paper or cardboard) so that it can be folded easily and without damage.
verb (used without object), scored, scoring.
to make a point or points in a game or contest.
to keep score, as of a game.
to achieve an advantage or a success:
The new product scored with the public.
to make notches, cuts, lines, etc.
to run up a score or debt.
pay off / settle a score, to avenge a wrong; retaliate:
In the Old West they paid off a score with bullets.
an evaluative, usually numerical, record of a competitive game or match
the total number of points made by a side or individual in a game or match
the act of scoring, esp a point or points
(informal) the score, the actual situation; the true facts: to know the score
(US & Canadian) the result of a test or exam
a group or set of twenty: three score years and ten
(usually pl) foll by of. a great number; lots: I have scores of things to do
a mark or notch, esp one made in keeping a tally
an account of amounts due
an amount recorded as due
a reason or account: the book was rejected on the score of length
(informal) the victim of a theft or swindle
(dancing) notation indicating a dancer’s moves
(informal) over the score, excessive; unfair
settle a score, pay off a score
to gain (a point or points) in a game or contest
(transitive) to make a total score of: to score twelve
to keep a record of the score (of)
(transitive) to be worth (a certain amount) in a game
(transitive) (US & Canadian) to evaluate (a test or exam) numerically; mark
(transitive) to record by making notches in
to make (cuts, lines, etc) in or on
(intransitive) (slang) to obtain something desired, esp to purchase an illegal drug
(intransitive) (slang) (of a man) to be successful in seducing a person
to achieve (success or an advantage): your idea really scored with the boss
(transitive) (mainly US & Canadian) to criticize harshly; berate
to accumulate or keep a record of (a debt)
1921, from out (adv.) + score (v.). Related: Outscored; outscoring.
late Old English scoru “twenty,” from Old Norse skor “mark, notch, incision; a rift in rock,” also, in Icelandic, “twenty,” from Proto-Germanic *skura-, from PIE root *(s)ker- “to cut” (see shear).
The connecting notion probably is counting large numbers (of sheep, etc.) with a notch in a stick for each 20. That way of counting, called vigesimalism, also exists in French: In Old French, “twenty” (vint) or a multiple of it could be used as a base, e.g. vint et doze (“32”), dous vinz et diz (“50”). Vigesimalism was or is a feature of Welsh, Irish, Gaelic and Breton (as well as non-IE Basque), and it is speculated that the English and the French picked it up from the Celts. Cf. tally (n.).
The prehistoric sense of the Germanic word, then, likely was “straight mark like a scratch, line drawn by a sharp instrument,” but in English this is attested only from c.1400, along with the sense “mark made (on a chalkboard, etc.) to keep count of a customer’s drinks in a tavern.” This sense was extended by 1670s to “mark made for purpose of recording a point in a game or match,” and thus “aggregate of points made by contestants in certain games and matches” (1742, originally in whist).
From the tavern-keeping sense comes the meaning “amount on an innkeeper’s bill” (c.1600) and thus the figurative verbal expression settle scores (1775). Meaning “printed piece of music” first recorded 1701, said to be from the practice of connecting related staves by scores of lines. Especially “music composed for a film” (1927). Meaning “act of obtaining narcotic drugs” is by 1951.
Scoreboard is from 1826; score-keeping- from 1905; newspaper sports section score line is from 1965; baseball score-card is from 1877.
“to cut with incisions or notches,” c.1400; “to record by means of notches” (late 14c.); see score (n.). Meanings “to keep record of the scores in a game, etc.” and “to make or add a point for one’s side in a game, etc.” both attested from 1742. The slang sense, in reference to men, “achieve intercourse” first recorded 1960. Meaning “to be scorekeeper, to keep the score in a game or contest” is from 1846. In the musical sense from 1839. Related: Scored; scoring.
A result of a test or examination, usually expressed numerically.
even the score, make a score
[out-fluhks] /ˈaʊtˌflʌks/ noun 1. the act of flowing out; outflow (opposed to ). 2. a place of flowing out; outlet.
[out-floh] /ˈaʊtˌfloʊ/ noun 1. the act of out: We need flood control to stem the river’s outflow. 2. something that out: to measure the outflow in gallons per minute. 3. any outward movement: the annual outflow of tourists. /ˈaʊtˌfləʊ/ noun 1. anything that flows out, such as liquid, money, ideas, etc 2. the amount that […]
[out-surt] /ˈaʊtˌsɜrt/ noun, Bookbinding. 1. an additional folded signature or sheet into which another is bound. /ˈaʊtˌsɜːt/ noun 1. another word for wrapround (sense 5)
[out-set] /ˈaʊtˌsɛt/ noun 1. the beginning or start: I wanted to explain the situation at the outset. 2. . /ˈaʊtˌsɛt/ noun 1. a start; beginning (esp in the phrase from (or at) the outset) n. “act of setting out on a journey, business, etc.” 1759, from out + set (v.). The earlier word for this […]