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[pahr-kin-suh n] /ˈpɑr kɪn sən/

C(yril) Northcote
[nawrth-kuh t] /ˈnɔrθ kət/ (Show IPA), 1909–93, English author and historian.
noun, Pathology.
a common neurologic disease believed to be caused by deterioration of the brain cells that produce dopamine, occurring primarily after the age of 60, characterized by tremors, especially of the fingers and hands, muscle rigidity, shuffling gait, slow speech, and a masklike facial expression.
a progressive chronic disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impaired muscular coordination and tremor Often shortened to Parkinson’s Also called Parkinsonism, Parkinson’s syndrome, paralysis agitans, shaking palsy

1877, from French maladie de Parkinson (1876), named for English physician James Parkinson (1755-1824), who described it (1817) under the names shaking palsy and paralysis agitans.

Parkinson Par·kin·son (pär’kĭn-sən), James. 1755-1824.

British physician who gave (1817) a comprehensive description of paralysis agitans, or Parkinson’s disease, and was the first to recognize (1812) perforation of the appendix as a cause of death in appendicitis.

Parkinson’s disease Par·kin·son’s disease (pär’kĭn-sənz)
A progressive nervous disease occurring most often after the age of 50, associated with the destruction of brain cells that produce dopamine, and characterized by muscular tremor, slowing of movement, partial facial paralysis, peculiarity of gait and posture, and weakness. Also called paralysis agitans.
Parkinson’s disease
A progressive neurologic disease occurring most often after the age of 50, associated with the destruction of brain cells that produce dopamine. Individuals with Parkinson’s disease exhibit tremors while at rest, slowing of movement, stiffening of gait and posture, and weakness. The disease is named after its discoverer, British physician and paleontologist James Parkinson (1755-1824).

A chronic disease of the nervous system that usually strikes in late adult life, resulting in a gradual decrease in muscle control. Symptoms of the disease include shaking, weakness, and partial paralysis of the face. Certain drugs can help alleviate some of its symptoms.


Read Also:

  • Parkinsonian

    [pahr-kin-soh-nee-uh n] /ˌpɑr kɪnˈsoʊ ni ən/ adjective, Pathology. 1. (sometimes initial capital letter) of, related to, or resembling . parkinsonian par·kin·so·ni·an (pär’kĭn-sō’nē-ən) adj. Relating to Parkinsonism.

  • Parkinsonism

    [pahr-kin-suh-niz-uh m] /ˈpɑr kɪn səˌnɪz əm/ noun, Pathology. (sometimes initial capital letter) 1. . 2. . Parkinsonism Par·kin·son·ism or par·kin·son·ism (pär’kĭn-sə-nĭz’əm) n.

  • Park keeper

    noun 1. (in Britain) an official employed by a local authority to patrol and supervise a public park

  • Paring-chisel

    noun 1. a woodworking chisel moved by steady hand pressure to make long, light cuts.

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