[pav-is] /ˈpæv ɪs/
a large oblong shield of the late 14th through the early 16th centuries, often covering the entire body and used especially by archers and soldiers of the infantry.
a large square shield, developed in the 15th century, at first portable but later heavy and set up in a permanent position
[pav-luh-dahr; Russian puh-vluh-dahr] /ˌpæv ləˈdɑr; Russian pə vlʌˈdɑr/ noun 1. a city in NE Kazakhstan. /Russian pəvlaˈdar/ noun 1. a port in NE Kazakhstan on the Irtysh River: major industrial centre with an oil refinery. Pop: 303 000 (2005 est)
[pav-luh-grad; Russian puh-vluh-graht] /ˈpæv ləˌgræd; Russian pə vlʌˈgrɑt/ noun 1. a city in E Ukraine, E of Dnepropetrovsk.
[pav-lov, -lawf; Russian pah-vluh f] /ˈpæv lɒv, -lɔf; Russian ˈpɑ vləf/ noun 1. Ivan Petrovich [ee-vahn pyi-traw-vyich] /iˈvɑn pyɪˈtrɔ vyɪtʃ/ (Show IPA), 1849–1936, Russian physiologist: Nobel Prize in medicine 1904. /ˈpævlɒv; Russian ˈpavləf/ noun 1. Ivan Petrovich (iˈvan pɪˈtrɔvitʃ). 1849–1936, Russian physiologist. His study of conditioned reflexes in dogs influenced behaviourism. He also made important […]
[pav-loh-vee-uh n, -law-, -lov-ee-] /pævˈloʊ vi ən, -ˈlɔ-, -ˈlɒv i-/ adjective 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of or his work, especially of experiments in which he elicited predictable responses from laboratory animals. /pævˈləʊvɪən/ adjective 1. of or relating to the work of Ivan Pavlov 2. (of a reaction or response) automatic; involuntary adj. 1931, […]