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[pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/

a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).

peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., from Latin, from Greek Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos “island” (see Chersonese); first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos “dark” + ops “face, eye.” But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology. Related: Peloponnesian.


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  • Pelops

    [pee-lops, pel-ops] /ˈpi lɒps, ˈpɛl ɒps/ noun 1. Classical Mythology. a son of Tantalus and Dione, slaughtered by his father and served to the Olympians as food; Hermes restored him to life and he later ruled over southern Greece, which was called Peloponnesus after him. /ˈpiːlɒps/ noun 1. (Greek myth) the son of Tantalus, who […]

  • Peloria

    [puh-lawr-ee-uh, -lohr-] /pəˈlɔr i ə, -ˈloʊr-/ noun, Botany. 1. regularity of structure occurring abnormally in flowers normally irregular. /pɛˈlɔːrɪə/ noun 1. the abnormal production of actinomorphic flowers in a plant of a species that usually produces zygomorphic flowers

  • Pelorize

    [pel-uh-rahyz] /ˈpɛl əˌraɪz/ verb (used with object), pelorized, pelorizing. Botany. 1. to affect with .

  • Pelorus

    [puh-lawr-uh s, -lohr-] /pəˈlɔr əs, -ˈloʊr-/ noun, plural peloruses. Navigation. 1. a device for measuring in degrees the relative bearings of observed objects. /pɪˈlɔːrəs/ noun (pl) -ruses 1. a sighting device used in conjunction with a magnetic compass or a gyrocompass for measuring the relative bearings of observed points

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