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[peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/

verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing.
to subject to a penalty, as a person.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
verb (transitive)
to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
(sport) to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty

1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.


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