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[pee-nol-uh-jee] /piˈnɒl ə dʒi/

the study of the punishment of crime, in both its deterrent and its reformatory aspects.
the study of the management of prisons.
the branch of the social sciences concerned with the punishment of crime
the science of prison management

“study of punishment and crime prevention,” 1838, coined apparently by Francis Lieber, corresponding member of the Philadephia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, from pen- as in penitentiary (ultimately from Latin poena “penalty, punishment;” see penal) + -ology “study of.” Related: Penologist; penological.


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