a simple past tense and past participle of 2 .
shut in; confined.
any of various instruments for writing or drawing with ink or a similar substance.
a detachable metal penpoint, filled by dipping or with a quill; nib.
such a penpoint with its penholder.
the pen as the instrument of writing or authorship:
The pen is mightier than the sword.
a person’s style or quality of writing:
He writes with a witty, incisive pen.
I leave this story to abler pens.
the profession of writing:
a master of the pen.
Computers. (def 3).
something resembling or suggesting a feather or quill.
Zoology. an internal, corneous or chitinous, feather-shaped structure in certain cephalopods, as the squid.
verb (used with object), penned, penning.
to write with or as with a pen; put down in writing:
to pen an essay.
to draw with or as with a pen:
to pen a sketch.
a small enclosure for domestic animals.
animals so enclosed:
We have a pen of twenty sheep.
an enclosure used for confinement or safekeeping:
We have built several pens to hold our harvest of corn.
a dock having a protective concrete structure overhead, used to service and repair submarines.
verb (used with object), penned or pent, penning.
to confine in or as in a pen.
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, meaning “five” (Pentateuch); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (pentavalent).
a past tense and past participle of pen2
an implement for writing or drawing using ink, formerly consisting of a sharpened and split quill, and now of a metal nib attached to a holder See also ballpoint, fountain pen
the writing end of such an implement; nib
style of writing
the long horny internal shell of a squid
verb pens, penning, penned
(transitive) to write or compose
an enclosure in which domestic animals are kept: sheep pen
any place of confinement
a dock for servicing submarines, esp one having a bombproof roof
verb pens, penning, penned, pent
(transitive) to enclose or keep in a pen
(US & Canadian, informal) short for penitentiary (sense 1)
a female swan
International Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists
five: pentagon, pentameter, pentaprism
“kept in, confined,” 1540s, variant of penned, past participle of pen (v.2). Pent-up (also pent up) is from 1580s.
“writing implement,” late 13c., from Old French pene “quill pen; feather” (12c.) and directly from Latin penna “a feather, plume,” in plural “a wing,” in Late Latin, “a pen for writing,” from Old Latin petna, pesna, from PIE *pet-na-, suffixed form of root *pet- “to rush; to fly” (see petition (n.)).
Latin penna and pinna “a feather, plume;” in plural “a wing;” also “a pinnacle; battlement” (see pin (n.)) are treated as identical in Watkins, etc., but regarded as separate (but confused) Latin words by Tucker and others, who derive pinna from PIE *spei- “sharp point” (cf. spike (n.1)) and see the “feather/wing” sense as secondary.
In later French, this word means only “long feather of a bird,” while the equivalent of English plume is used for “writing implement,” the senses of the two words thus are reversed from the situation in English. Pen-and-ink (adj.) is attested from 1670s. Pen name is recorded from mid-19c.
“enclosure for animals,” Old English penn, penne, “enclosure, pen, fold,” of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Old English pinn “pin, peg” (see pin (n.)) on notion of a bolted gate or else “structure made of pointed stakes.”
slang, “prison,” 1884, shortening of penitentiary; earlier use (1845) probably is a figurative extension of pen (n.2).
late 15c., from pen (n.). Related: Penned; penning.
“to enclose in a pen,” c.1200, from Old English *pennian, from the source of pen (n.2). Related: Penned; penning.
word-forming element meaning “five, containing five,” from Greek penta- (before a vowel pent-), comb. form of pente “five,” related to Aeolian pempte (see five), with -a- by analogy of hepta-, ennea-, deka-.
penta- or pent-
A prison of any sort, esp a penitentiary (1845+)
bullpen, hen-pen, pigpen, poison-pen letter, push a pen
International Association of Poets, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists
Peru-nuevo sol (currency)
see: slip of the lip (pen)
1. a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, meaning “five” (Pentateuch); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (pentavalent). combining form 1. five: pentagon, pentameter, pentaprism word-forming element meaning “five, containing five,” from Greek penta- (before a vowel pent-), comb. form of pente “five,” related to Aeolian pempte (see five), with […]
[pen-tuh-klawr-oh-nahy-troh-ben-zeen, -ben-zeen, -klohr-] /ˌpɛn təˌklɔr oʊˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zin, -bɛnˈzin, -ˌkloʊr-/ noun, Chemistry. 1. a crystalline compound, C 6 Cl 5 NO 2 , used as an herbicide and insecticide. Abbreviation: PCNB.
[pen-tuh-klawr-uh-fee-nawl, -nol, -klohr-] /ˌpɛn təˌklɔr əˈfi nɔl, -nɒl, -ˌkloʊr-/ noun, Chemistry. 1. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C 6 Cl 5 OH, used chiefly in fungicides, disinfectants, and wood preservatives. /ˌpɛntəˌklɔːrəˈfiːnɒl/ noun 1. a white crystalline water-insoluble compound used as a fungicide, herbicide, and preservative for wood. Formula: C6Cl5OH
[pen-tuh-kuh l] /ˈpɛn tə kəl/ noun 1. . 2. a similar figure, as a hexagram. /ˈpɛntəkəl/ noun 1. another name for pentagram n. 1590s, from Medieval Latin pentaculum “pentagram,” a hybrid coined from Greek pente “five” (see five) + Latin -culum, diminutive (or instrumental) suffix. OED notes other similar words: Italian had pentacolo “anything with […]