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[pent-hous] /ˈpɛntˌhaʊs/

noun, plural penthouses
[pent-hou-ziz] /ˈpɛntˌhaʊ zɪz/ (Show IPA)
an apartment or dwelling on the roof of a building, usually set back from the outer walls.
any specially designed apartment on an upper floor, especially the top floor, of a building.
a structure on a roof for housing elevator machinery, a water tank, etc.
Also called pent, pentice
[pen-tis] /ˈpɛn tɪs/ (Show IPA). a shed with a sloping roof, or a sloping roof, projecting from a wall or the side of a building, as to shelter a door.
any rooflike shelter or overhanging part.
Court Tennis. a corridor having a slanted roof and projecting from three walls of the court.
a flat or maisonette built onto the top floor or roof of a block of flats
a construction on the roof of a building, esp one used to house machinery
a shed built against a building, esp one that has a sloping roof
(real tennis) the roofed corridor that runs along three sides of the court

pendize, early 14c., from Anglo-French pentiz, a shortening of Old French apentis “attached building, appendage,” from Medieval Latin appendicium, from Latin appendere “to hang” (see append). Modern spelling is from c.1530, by folk etymology influence of Middle French pente “slope,” and English house (the meaning at that time was “attached building with a sloping roof or awning”). Originally a simple structure (Middle English homilies describe Jesus’ birthplace in the manger as a “penthouse”); meaning “apartment or small house built on the roof of a skyscraper” first recorded 1921, from which time dates its association with luxury.


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