[fil-uh-sof, fil-uh-zof; French fee-law-zawf] /ˈfɪl əˌsɒf, ˌfɪl əˈzɒf; French fi lɔˈzɔf/
noun, plural philosophes
[fil-uh-sofs, fil-uh-zofs; French fee-law-zawf] /ˈfɪl əˌsɒfs, ˌfɪl əˈzɒfs; French fi lɔˈzɔf/ (Show IPA)
any of the popular French intellectuals or social philosophers of the 18th century, as Diderot, Rousseau, or Voltaire.
“Enlightenment rationalist and skeptic,” especially in reference to any of the French Encyclopædists, often disparaging (when used by believers), 1774, from French philosophe, literally “philosopher” (see philosopher). Usually italicized in English, but nativized by Peter Gay (“The Enlightenment,” 1966) and others. Also philosophist (1798).
A group of radical thinkers and writers in France in the eighteenth century, including Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The philosophes stressed the use of human reason and were especially critical of established religious and political practices in France.
[fil-uh-sof-i-kuh l] /ˌfɪl əˈsɒf ɪ kəl/ adjective 1. of or relating to : philosophical studies. 2. versed in or occupied with . 3. proper to or befitting a . 4. rationally or sensibly calm, patient, or composed. 5. Rare. of or relating to or physical science. /ˌfɪləˈsɒfɪkəl/ adjective 1. of or relating to philosophy or […]
noun 1. . noun 1. a philosophical method in which language and experience are analysed in an attempt to provide new insights into various philosophical problems
- Philosophical logic
noun 1. the branch of philosophy that studies the relationship between formal logic and ordinary language, esp the extent to which the former can be held accurately to represent the latter
noun 1. (def 4). [an-thruh-pol-uh-jee] /ˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi/ noun 1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind. 2. the study of human beings’ similarity to and divergence from other animals. 3. the science of humans and their works. 4. Also called […]