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[foh-nuh-graf, -grahf] /ˈfoʊ nəˌgræf, -ˌgrɑf/

any sound-reproducing machine using records in the form of cylinders or discs.
/ˈfəʊnəˌɡrɑːf; -ˌɡræf/
an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
(US & Canadian) Also called gramophone, record player. a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn

1835, “character representing a sound,” literally “writer of sounds,” from phono- “sound” + -graph “instrument for recording; something written.” Meaning “an instrument that produces sounds from records” (talking phonograph, invented by Thomas A. Edison) it is attested from 1877. The recording made from it at first was called a phonogram (1879).


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  • Phonographic

    [foh-nuh-graf-ik] /ˌfoʊ nəˈgræf ɪk/ adjective 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of a phonograph. 2. of, relating to, or noting phonography. /ˌfəʊnəˈɡræfɪk/ adjective 1. of or relating to phonography 2. of or relating to the recording of music adj. 1840, originally in reference to shorthand; see phono- + graphic. Modern sense from 1878.

  • Phonography

    [foh-nog-ruh-fee] /foʊˈnɒg rə fi/ noun, plural phonographies for 2. 1. phonetic spelling, writing, or shorthand. 2. a system of phonetic shorthand, as that invented by Sir Isaac Pitman in 1837. /fəʊˈnɒɡrəfɪ/ noun 1. a writing system that represents sounds by individual symbols Compare logography 2. the employment of such a writing system

  • Phonol.

    1. . phonology

  • Phonolite

    [fohn-l-ahyt] /ˈfoʊn lˌaɪt/ noun 1. a fine-grained volcanic rock composed chiefly of alkali feldspar and nepheline, some varieties of which split into pieces that ring on being struck. /ˈfəʊnəˌlaɪt/ noun 1. a fine-grained volcanic igneous rock consisting of alkaline feldspars and nepheline n. a kind of volcanic rock that rings when struck, c.1830, literally “sounding […]

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