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[fahy-tuh-plangk-tuh n] /ˌfaɪ təˈplæŋk tən/

the aggregate of plants and plantlike organisms in .
the photosynthesizing organisms in plankton, mainly unicellular algae and cyanobacteria Compare zooplankton

1897, from phyto- + plankton.
Plankton consisting of free-floating algae, protists, and cyanobacteria. Phytoplankton form the beginning of the food chain for aquatic animals and fix large amounts of carbon, which would otherwise be released as carbon dioxide.


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  • Phytoplasm

    [fahy-tuh-plaz-uh m] /ˈfaɪ təˌplæz əm/ noun 1. protoplasm of a plant or plants.

  • Phytoplasma

    phytoplasma (fī’tə-plāz’mə) Any of a group of extremely small bacteria that are similar to mycoplasmas in that they have a cell membrane instead of cell walls and can assume a variety of shapes, but are parasitic solely in plants. In many plants, phytoplasmas invade cells of the food-carrying tissue known as phloem and are usually […]

  • Phytoremediation

    [fahy-toh-ri-mee-dee-ey-shuh n] /ˌfaɪ toʊ rɪˌmi diˈeɪ ʃən/ noun 1. a process of decontaminating soil or water by using plants and trees to absorb or break down pollutants. /ˌfaɪtəʊrɪˌmiːdɪˈeɪʃən/ noun 1. another name for bioremediation phytoremediation (fī’tō-rĭ-mē’dē-ā’shən) See under bioremediation.

  • Phytosanitary

    /ˌfaɪtəʊˈsænɪtərɪ/ adjective 1. of or relating to the health of plants

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