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[puhn-ish-muh nt] /ˈpʌn ɪʃ mənt/

the act of .
the fact of being , as for an offense or fault.
a penalty inflicted for an offense, fault, etc.
severe handling or treatment.
a penalty or sanction given for any crime or offence
the act of punishing or state of being punished
(informal) rough treatment
(psychol) any aversive stimulus administered to an organism as part of training

late 14c., from Anglo-French punisement (late 13c.), Old French punissement, from punir (see punish). Meaning “rough handling” is from 1811.

The New Testament lays down the general principles of good government, but contains no code of laws for the punishment of offenders. Punishment proceeds on the principle that there is an eternal distinction between right and wrong, and that this distinction must be maintained for its own sake. It is not primarily intended for the reformation of criminals, nor for the purpose of deterring others from sin. These results may be gained, but crime in itself demands punishment. (See MURDER ØT0002621; THEFT.) Endless, of the impenitent and unbelieving. The rejection of this doctrine “cuts the ground from under the gospel…blots out the attribute of retributive justice; transmutes sin into misfortune instead of guilt; turns all suffering into chastisement; converts the piacular work of Christ into moral influence…The attempt to retain the evangelical theology in connection with it is futile” (Shedd).

see: glutton for punishment


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