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[uh-furm] /əˈfɜrm/

verb (used with object)
to state or assert positively; maintain as true:
to affirm one’s loyalty to one’s country; He affirmed that all was well.
to confirm or ratify:
The appellate court affirmed the judgment of the lower court.
to assert solemnly:
He affirmed his innocence.
to express agreement with or commitment to; uphold; support:
to affirm human rights.
verb (used without object)

verb (mainly transitive)
(may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively
to uphold, confirm, or ratify
(intransitive) (law) to make an affirmation

c.1300, from Old French afermier (Modern French affirmer) “affirm, confirm; strengthen, consolidate,” from Latin affirmare “to make steady, strengthen,” figuratively “confirm, corroborate,” from ad- “to” (see ad-) + firmare “strengthen, make firm,” from firmus “strong” (see firm (adj.)). Spelling refashioned 16c. in French and English on Latin model. Related: Affirmed; affirming.


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