one of the thin, flat, horny plates forming the covering of certain animals, as snakes, lizards, and pangolins.
one of the hard, bony or dentinal plates, either flat or denticulate, forming the covering of certain other animals, as fishes.
any thin, platelike piece, lamina, or flake that peels off from a surface, as from the skin.
Also called bud scale. a rudimentary body, usually a specialized leaf and often covered with hair, wax, or resin, enclosing an immature leaf bud.
a thin, scarious or membranous part of a plant, as a bract of a catkin.
a coating or incrustation, as on the inside of a boiler, formed by the precipitation of salts from the water.
Often, scales. Metallurgy.
an oxide, especially an iron oxide, occurring in a scaly form on the surface of metal brought to a high temperature.
Also called mill scale. such scale formed on iron or steel during hot-rolling.
a cause of blindness or ignorance, as regarding the true nature of a person, situation, etc.:
You’re infatuated with her now, but the scales will soon fall from your eyes.
Bible. an unspecified affliction that caused Paul to become temporarily blind. Acts 9:18.
verb (used with object), scaled, scaling.
to remove the scales or scale from:
to scale a fish.
to remove in scales or thin layers.
to cover with an incrustation or scale.
to skip, as a stone over water.
Dentistry. to remove (calculus) from the teeth with instruments.
verb (used without object), scaled, scaling.
to come off in scales.
to shed scales.
to become coated with scale, as the inside of a boiler.
any of the numerous plates, made of various substances resembling enamel or dentine, covering the bodies of fishes
any of the horny or chitinous plates covering a part or the entire body of certain reptiles and mammals
any of the numerous minute structures covering the wings of lepidoptera related adjective squamous
a thin flat piece or flake
a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the skin: excessive shedding may be the result of a skin disease
a specialized leaf or bract, esp the protective covering of a bud or the dry membranous bract of a catkin
See scale insect
a flaky black oxide of iron formed on the surface of iron or steel at high temperatures
any oxide formed on a metal during heat treatment
another word for limescale
(transitive) to remove the scales or coating from
to peel off or cause to peel off in flakes or scales
(intransitive) to shed scales
to cover or become covered with scales, incrustation, etc
(transitive) to throw (a disc or thin flat object) edgewise through the air or along the surface of water
(intransitive) (Austral, informal) to ride on public transport without paying a fare
(transitive) (South African, slang) to steal (something)
(often pl) a machine or device for weighing
one of the pans of a balance
tip the scales
to exercise a decisive influence
(foll by at) to amount in weight (to)
to weigh with or as if with scales
to have a weight of
a sequence of marks either at regular intervals or else representing equal steps, used as a reference in making measurements
a measuring instrument having such a scale
the ratio between the size of something real and that of a model or representation of it: the scale of the map was so large that we could find our house on it
(as modifier): a scale model
a line, numerical ratio, etc, for showing this ratio
a progressive or graduated table of things, wages, etc, in order of size, value, etc: a wage scale for carpenters
an established measure or standard
a relative degree or extent: he entertained on a grand scale
(music) a group of notes taken in ascending or descending order, esp within the compass of one octave
(maths) the notation of a given number system: the decimal scale
a graded series of tests measuring mental development, etc
(obsolete) a ladder or staircase
to climb to the top of (a height) by or as if by a ladder
(transitive) to make or draw (a model, plan, etc) according to a particular ratio of proportionate reduction
(transitive; usually foll by up or down) to increase or reduce proportionately in size, etc
(US & Canadian) (in forestry) to estimate the board footage of (standing timber or logs)
scale 1 (skāl)
A dry, thin flake of epidermis shed from the skin.
One of the many small, platelike dermal or epidermal structures that characteristically form the external covering of fishes, reptiles, and certain mammals.
v. scaled, scal·ing, scales
To come off in scales or layers; flake.
To become encrusted.
To remove tartar from tooth surfaces with a pointed instrument.
A system of ordered marks at fixed intervals used as a reference standard in measurement.
An instrument or device bearing such marks.
A proportion used in determining the dimensional relationship of a representation to that which it represents.
A standard of measurement or judgment; a criterion.
An instrument or a machine for weighing.
Either of the pans, trays, or dishes of a balance.
One of the small thin plates forming the outer covering of fish, reptiles, and certain other animals.
A similar part, such as one of the minute structures overlapping to form the covering on the wings of butterflies and moths.
A small, thin, usually dry plant part, such as one of the protective leaves that cover a tree bud or one of the structures that contain the reproductive organs on the cones of a conifer.
A plant disease caused by scale insects.
An ordered system of numbering or indexing that is used as a reference standard in measurement, in which each number corresponds to some physical quantity. Some scales, such as temperature scales, have equal intervals; other scales, such as the Richter scale, are arranged as a geometric progression.
An instrument or a machine for weighing.
In music, the sequence of tones that a piece of music principally uses. A composition in the key of C-major uses the C-major scale, made up of the white keys on a piano.
A system of marks set at fixed intervals, used as a standard for measurement.
Note: On a map, plan, or chart, a scale indicates the proportion between the representation and what it represents, such as the legend “One inch equals twenty miles” on a map.
Note: Temperature scales divide up the range of temperatures into equal degrees.
noun 1. any thalloid liverwort. noun 1. any of various leafy liverworts of the order Jungermanniales, which resemble mosses
adjective 1. Geometry. (of a cone or the like) having the axis inclined to the base. (of a triangle) having three unequal sides. 2. Anatomy. of or relating to a scalenus muscle. adjective 1. (maths) (of a triangle) having all sides of unequal length 2. (anatomy) of or relating to any of the scalenus muscles […]
scalenectomy sca·le·nec·to·my (skā’lə-něk’tə-mē) n. Resection of the scalene muscles.
- Scalene muscle
scalene muscle sca·lene muscle (skā’lēn’, skā-lēn’) n. Any of three muscles on each side of the neck that serve to bend and rotate the neck and that assist breathing by raising or fixing the first two ribs.