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[skli-reng-kuh-muh] /sklɪˈrɛŋ kə mə/
noun, Botany.
supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened cells.
a supporting tissue in plants consisting of dead cells with very thick lignified walls
A supportive tissue of vascular plants, consisting of thick-walled, usually lignified cells. Sclerenchyma cells normally die upon reaching maturity but continue to fulfill their structural purpose in the plant. There are two types of sclerenchyma cells: fiber cells and sclereids. Compare collenchyma, parenchyma.


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  • Scleriritomy

    scleriritomy scler·i·rit·o·my (sklēr’ī-rĭt’ə-mē) n. Incision of the iris and sclera.

  • Sclerite

    noun, Zoology. 1. any chitinous, calcareous, or similar hard part, plate, spicule, or the like. noun (zoology) 1. any of the hard chitinous plates that make up the exoskeleton of an arthropod 2. any calcareous or chitinous part, such as a spicule or plate

  • Scleritis

    noun, Pathology. 1. inflammation of the sclera. noun 1. (pathol) inflammation of the sclera scleritis scle·ri·tis (sklə-rī’tĭs) n. Inflammation of the sclera.

  • Sclero-

    1. a combining form meaning “hard,” used with this meaning, and as a combining form of sclera, in the formation of compound words: sclerometer. combining form 1. indicating hardness: sclerosis 2. of or relating to the sclera: sclerotomy sclero- or scler- pref. Hard: scleredema. Hardness: sclerogenous. Sclera: scleritis.

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