verb (used with object)
to break, mar, or mark the surface of by rubbing, scraping, or tearing with something sharp or rough:
to scratch one’s hand on a nail.
to dig, scrape, or tear (something) out or off with or as if with the nails, claws, etc.:
to scratch the burs off one’s coat.
to rub or scrape slightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching.
to rub or draw along a rough, grating surface:
to scratch a match on the sidewalk.
to erase, cancel, strike out, or eliminate (a name, something written, etc.) by or as if by drawing a line through it (often followed by out):
Scratch out the third name on the list.
to withdraw (an entry) from a race or competition.
to divide (one’s vote) though predominantly supporting one political party or faction.
to strike out or reject a particular name or names on (a party ticket) in voting.
to write or draw by scraping or cutting the lines into a surface:
She scratched her initials on the glass.
to manipulate (a phonograph record) back and forth under the stylus to produce rhythmic sounds.
verb (used without object)
to use the nails, claws, etc., for tearing, digging, etc.
to relieve itching by rubbing or scraping lightly, as with the fingernails.
to make a slight grating noise, as a pen.
to earn a living or to manage in any respect with great difficulty:
We scratched along that year on very little money.
to withdraw or be withdrawn from a contest or competition.
(in certain card games) to make no score; earn no points.
Billiards, Pool. to make a shot that results in a penalty, especially to pocket the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
a slight injury, mar, or mark, usually thin and shallow, caused by scratching:
three scratches on my leg; a noticeable scratch on the table.
a rough mark made by a pen, pencil, etc.; scrawl.
an act of scratching.
the slight grating sound caused by scratching.
the starting place, starting time, or status of a competitor in a handicap who has no allowance and no penalty.
a shot resulting in a penalty, especially a pocketing of the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
a fluke or lucky shot.
(in certain card games) a score of zero; nothing.
Baseball. scratch hit.
Slang. money; cash.
used for hasty writing, notes, etc.:
without any allowance, penalty, or handicap, as a competitor or contestant.
Informal. done by or dependent on chance:
a scratch shot.
Informal. gathered hastily and indiscriminately:
a scratch crew.
done or made from scratch:
a scratch cake.
from the very beginning or starting point.
from nothing; without resources:
After the depression he started another business from scratch.
up to scratch, in conformity with a certain standard; adequate; satisfactory:
The local symphony orchestra has improved this year, but it is still not up to scratch.
Old Scratch; Satan.
to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
often foll by at, out, off, etc. to scrape (the surface of something), as with claws, nails, etc
to scrape (the surface of the skin) with the nails, as to relieve itching
to chafe or irritate (a surface, esp the skin)
to make or cause to make a grating sound; scrape
(transitive) sometimes foll by out. to erase by or as if by scraping
(transitive) to write or draw awkwardly
(intransitive) sometimes foll by along. to earn a living, manage, etc, with difficulty
to withdraw (an entry) from a race, match, etc
(intransitive) (billiards, snooker)
to make a shot resulting in a penalty
to make a lucky shot
(transitive) (US) to cancel (the name of a candidate) from a party ticket in an election
(Austral, informal) (intransitive) often foll by for. to be struggling or in difficulty, esp in earning a living
to treat (a subject) superficially
you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours, if you will help me, I will help you
the act of scratching
a slight injury
a mark made by scratching
a slight grating sound
(in a handicap sport)
a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
(as modifier): a scratch player
the time, initial score, etc, of such a competitor
the line from which competitors start in a race
(formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting
a withdrawn competitor in a race, etc
a shot that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball enters the pocket
a lucky shot
(informal) from scratch, from the very beginning
(usually used with a negative) (informal) up to scratch, up to standard
(sport) (of a team) assembled hastily
(in a handicap sport) with no allowance or penalty
(informal) rough or haphazard
1. (From “scratchpad”) Describes a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the combining forms “scratch memory”, “scratch register”, “scratch disk”, “scratch tape”, “scratch volume”.
See also scratch monkey.
2. (primarily IBM) To delete (as in a file).
adjective releasing a fragrance when scratched, esp. as related to an image Examples Scratch-and-sniff is created through the process of microencapsulation. Word Origin 1967 Usage Note also scratch and sniff , (n.)
noun, Carpentry. 1. an awllike device for scribing wood.
[skrach-bawrd, -bohrd] /ˈskrætʃˌbɔrd, -ˌboʊrd/ noun 1. a cardboard coated with impermeable white clay and covered by a layer of ink that is scratched or scraped in patterns revealing the white surface below.
[skrach-bawrd, -bohrd] /ˈskrætʃˌbɔrd, -ˌboʊrd/ noun 1. a cardboard coated with impermeable white clay and covered by a layer of ink that is scratched or scraped in patterns revealing the white surface below. noun 1. a ticket that reveals whether or not the holder is eligible for a prize when the surface is removed by scratching