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[self-in-krim-uh-ney-shuh n, self-] /ˈsɛlf ɪnˌkrɪm əˈneɪ ʃən, ˌsɛlf-/
the act of incriminating oneself or exposing oneself to prosecution, especially by giving evidence or testimony.

self-incrimination definition

Being forced or coerced to testify against oneself. Self-incrimination is prohibited by the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Note: Under this principle, a person may choose (given certain restrictions) to “take the Fifth,” refusing to testify in court or before a legislative or executive committee.

Note: Prohibiting self-incrimination not only helps guarantee due process of law, but also maintains one of the basic principles of American law by putting the burden of proof on the prosecution. (See also Miranda decision.)


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  • Self-incurred

    verb (used with object), incurred, incurring. 1. to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious): to incur a huge number of debts. 2. to become liable or subject to through one’s own action; bring or take upon oneself: to incur his displeasure. verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred 1. to make oneself subject […]

  • Self-indignation

    noun 1. strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base; righteous anger. noun 1. anger or scorn aroused by something felt to be unfair, unworthy, or wrong

  • Self-induced

    [self-in-doost, -dyoost, self-] /ˈsɛlf ɪnˈdust, -ˈdyust, ˌsɛlf-/ adjective 1. induced by oneself or itself. 2. Electricity. produced by self-induction. self-induced adjective 1. induced or brought on by oneself or itself 2. (electronics) produced by self-induction

  • Self-inductance

    [self-in-duhk-tuh ns] /ˌsɛlf ɪnˈdʌk təns/ noun, Electricity. 1. inductance inducing an electromotive force in the same circuit in which the motivating change of current occurs, equal to the number of flux linkages per unit of current. self-inductance noun 1. the inherent inductance of a circuit, given by the ratio of the electromotive force produced in […]

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